Hunters' Burgh long barrow

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1014387

Date first listed: 27-Jan-1967

Date of most recent amendment: 05-Feb-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Hunters' Burgh long barrow
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: East Sussex

District: Wealden (District Authority)

Parish: Long Man

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: TQ 54975 03664

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 examples of long barrows and long cairns, their counterparts in the uplands, are recorded nationally. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

The example of Hunters' Burgh survives well despite having been damaged by excavation, and consequently is of high archaeological potential. Of particular note is its proximity to a similar monument on Windover Hill.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The Hunters' Burgh is situated on sloping ground overlooking the western edge of the Pevensey Levels and has the appearance of being sited on the crest of the hill. It is orientated approximately north-south, with the broader and higher end to the south. The most distinctive feature of the monument is the elongated earthen mound, measuring some 65m in length and 14m-17m in width. At the southern end, where digging by an antiquitarian has mutilated the earthwork to give it the appearance of a more circular monument, the mound reaches a height of nearly 2m above the general ground level. The height diminishes to the north, where erosion has had a greater effect. Less obvious features of the monument are the flanking ditches which parallel the mound, imperceptibly on the eastern side where the effect of erosion of the mound has been greater, but quite clearly on the western side. It was these ditches from which the chalk used to construct the mound was quarried. No records survive of the excavation which mutilated the southern end of the monument. Field survey early this century, however, suggested that the flanking ditches joined around the northern end of the monument to form an elongated horseshoe shape in plan. The fence on the eastern side of the monument, which overlies the flanking ditch for part of its length and the surface of the footpath beside the fence are excluded from the scheduling, but the ground beneath both these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12772

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Curwen, E C, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in Sussex Archaeological Collections, , Vol. 69, (1928), 94-5
Other
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Long Barrows, (1989)
TQ 50 SW 41,

End of official listing