Village cross at Poole Keynes


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1014403

Date first listed: 10-Jul-1996


Ordnance survey map of Village cross at Poole Keynes
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Gloucestershire

District: Cotswold (District Authority)

Parish: Poole Keynes

National Grid Reference: SU 00058 95445


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes linking ordinary settlements or on routes having a more specifically religious function, including those providing access to religious sites for parishioners and funeral processions, or marking long-distance routes frequented on pilgrimages. Over 350 wayside crosses are known nationally, concentrated in south west England throughout Cornwall and on Dartmoor where they form the commonest type of stone cross. A small group also occurs on the North York Moors. Relatively few examples have been recorded elsewhere and these are generally confined to remote moorland locations. Outside Cornwall almost all wayside crosses take the form of a `Latin' cross, in which the cross-head itself is shaped within the projecting arms of an unenclosed cross. In Cornwall wayside crosses vary considerably in form and decoration. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces of which various forms of cross or related designs were carved in relief or incised, the spaces between the cross arms possibly pierced. The design was sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ and the shaft might bear decorative panels and motifs. Less common forms in Cornwall include the `Latin' cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low relief cross on both faces. Rare examples of wheel-head and slab-form crosses also occur within the North York Moors group. Most wayside crosses have either a simple socketed base or show no evidence for a separate base at all. Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval religious customs and sculptural traditions and to our knowledge of medieval routeways and settlement patterns. All wayside crosses which survive as earth- fast monuments, except those which are extremely damaged and removed from their original locations, are considered worthy of protection.

Despite the socket stone, shaft and head being later than the calvary, the village cross at Poole Keynes survives well with many of its original elements intact in what is likely to be its original location. Its position in the road makes it an imposing monument and a landmark in the village.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a village cross on a two step calvary, situated in the village of Poole Keynes. The cross is complete and sits on a junction of three roads. The cross includes a two step calvary, socket stone, shaft and head. The first step of the calvary is a plain square. It is 1.75m long and 0.575m high; the next step is 0.95m square and 0.2m high. These two steps are composed of old weathered stones now cemented together. Above this the socket stone is an hexagonal block of stone bearing the inscription `Restored in Commemoration of Queen Victoria's Jubilee Michael (indecipherable) MP AD 1887'. Each side of the hexagon is 0.425m long and it is 0.35m high. The socket in which the shaft is embedded is 0.3m square. The shaft, with broaches at its base, is a square pillar with chamfered corners. It is c.1.5m high, surmounted by a square box and weathered decoration, probably a cross. The stone blocks of the calvary are medieval, but the socket stone, shaft and head are Victorian. Excluded from the scheduling is the metalled road surface where this falls within the cross's protective margin, although the ground beneath is included. The cross is Listed Grade II.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28513

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing