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An enclosure and stone hut circle 270m ENE of Plym Steps

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: An enclosure and stone hut circle 270m ENE of Plym Steps

List entry Number: 1014478

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: South Hams

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Shaugh Prior

National Park: DARTMOOR

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 18-Mar-1996

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 24079

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The enclosure and stone hut circle 270m ENE of Plym Steps survive comparatively well within an area containing deep peat deposits, which contain further archaeological and environmental information relating to the exploitation of this hillside during the Bronze Age. The relative steepness of the slope on which the settlement is situated is an unusual feature. This type of settlement, situated on the edge of the vast areas of upland grazing, may contain information relating to the exploitation of this important resource during the Bronze Age.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes an enclosure and stone hut circle situated on a steep west facing slope on Little Gnats' Head overlooking the valley of the River Plym. The enclosure survives as a 2.5m wide and 0.5m high partly lynchetted rubble bank leading in an arc from a stone hut circle. The eastern side of the enclosure survives as a buried feature beneath deep peat deposits and therefore the dimensions of the internal area could not be established. The enclosure wall is attached to a stone hut circle which appears to predate the enclosure. The stone hut circle is composed of a 1.6m wide and 0.4m high stone and earth bank surrounding a 6m diameter internal area. Other features are not currently being proposed for scheduling because they cannot be accurately assessed or mapped.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1994)
Other
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard, (1995)

National Grid Reference: SX 60530 67305

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1014478 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 08:13:18.

End of official listing