Bowl barrow 140m north east of Hill Barn

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1014529

Date first listed: 30-Apr-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 140m north east of Hill Barn
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: East Sussex

District: Wealden (District Authority)

Parish: Long Man

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: TQ 55396 02937

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 140m north east of Hill Barn survives comparatively well, and has been shown by part excavation to contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the period of its construction and use. The close association of the monument with three further, broadly contemporary round barrows, provides evidence for the importance of burial practices in this area of downland during the later prehistoric period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, the north westernmost round barrow of a dispersed, north west-south east aligned linear group of four which runs along a ridge of the Sussex Downs. The barrow has a large circular mound c.23m in diameter and up to 3m high. Part excavation of the mound in 1960 and 1973 revealed a collared urn dating to the Middle Bronze Age (c.1500 BC-c.1000 BC) containing cremated human bones buried in its south eastern quadrant, along with sherds of Late Bronze Age (c.1000BC- 700BC) pottery and a group of contemporary flint tools. The mound, which as a result of the part excavation has a large central hollow, is surrounded by a ditch from which material used to construct the barrow was obtained. This has become infilled over the years, but will survive as a buried feature c.2m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 27032

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
sources 4 & 5, RCHME, TQ 50 SE 6,

End of official listing