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Bowl barrow 140m north east of Hill Barn

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow 140m north east of Hill Barn

List entry Number: 1014529

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: East Sussex

District: Wealden

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Long Man

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 30-Apr-1996

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 27032

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 140m north east of Hill Barn survives comparatively well, and has been shown by part excavation to contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the period of its construction and use. The close association of the monument with three further, broadly contemporary round barrows, provides evidence for the importance of burial practices in this area of downland during the later prehistoric period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, the north westernmost round barrow of a dispersed, north west-south east aligned linear group of four which runs along a ridge of the Sussex Downs. The barrow has a large circular mound c.23m in diameter and up to 3m high. Part excavation of the mound in 1960 and 1973 revealed a collared urn dating to the Middle Bronze Age (c.1500 BC-c.1000 BC) containing cremated human bones buried in its south eastern quadrant, along with sherds of Late Bronze Age (c.1000BC- 700BC) pottery and a group of contemporary flint tools. The mound, which as a result of the part excavation has a large central hollow, is surrounded by a ditch from which material used to construct the barrow was obtained. This has become infilled over the years, but will survive as a buried feature c.2m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
sources 4 & 5, RCHME, TQ 50 SE 6,

National Grid Reference: TQ 55396 02937

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1014529 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 17-Nov-2017 at 09:21:16.

End of official listing