Bowl barrow 470m east of Hill Barn

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1014531

Date first listed: 19-Jun-1967

Date of most recent amendment: 30-Apr-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 470m east of Hill Barn
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: East Sussex

District: Wealden (District Authority)

Parish: Willingdon and Jevington

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: TQ 55732 02794

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although it shows some signs of damage by modern ploughing, the bowl barrow 470m east of Hill Barn survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. The close association of the monument with three further, broadly contemporary round barrows, provides evidence for the importance of burial practices in this area of downland during the late prehistoric period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, the south easternmost round barrow of a dispersed, north west-south east aligned linear group of four running along a ridge of the Sussex Downs. The barrow has a circular mound c.14m in diameter, surviving to a height of up to 1m. This has been partly levelled on its south western side by modern ploughing. The mound is surrounded by a ditch from which material used to construct the barrow was excavated. This has become infilled over the years, but survives as a buried feature c.2m wide. The modern field fence which crosses the monument is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 27034

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing