An unenclosed stone hut circle settlement 760m north east of Trowlesworthy Warren House

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1014656

Date first listed: 07-Jun-2000

Map

Ordnance survey map of An unenclosed stone hut circle settlement 760m north east of Trowlesworthy Warren House
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: South Hams (District Authority)

Parish: Shaugh Prior

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 57455 65106

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The unenclosed stone hut circle settlement 760m north east of Trowlesworthy Warren House survives comparatively well and together with a rich array of nearby features forms part of an extensive archaeological landscape in which the three major periods of human activity on the Moor are represented. This area is a popular visitor destination and the settlement is frequently visited.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes an unenclosed stone hut circle settlement situated on a gentle north west facing slope overlooking the River Plym. The settlement includes eight stone hut circles, all terraced into the hillside and lying within a tight cluster. Most of the stone hut circles survive as banks of earth and stone each surrounding a circular or oval internal area. Five of the huts are circular in plan and measure between 4m and 6.5m in diameter. The remaining huts are oval in shape and measure between 7m and 10m long by 4.5m and 7m wide. One hut survives as a ring of protruding stones whilst all of the others are composed of walls measuring between 1m and 1.3m wide and between 0.25m and 0.4m high. The average width and height of the walls is 1.14m and 0.36m respectively. One of the huts has an annex, and another has a visible doorway. A structure attached to the southern outer face of one stone hut circle is a cache. The cache survives as a 1m wide and 0.3m high rubble wall surrounding an internal area with a diameter of 1m. The size of this structure suggests that it was used for storage purposes rather than as a shelter. Other archaeological features surviving in the vicinity of this monument are the subject of separate schedulings. This monument is in the care of the Secretary of State.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 24240

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX56NE486, (1993)
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)
MPP Fieldwork by S. Gerrard, (1993)
Thackray, C., The Upper Plym Valley: The management of an historic landscape, 1994, Archaeological Site Inventory

End of official listing