Bowl barrow 550m south east of Milton Cross


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1014895

Date first listed: 22-Mar-1996


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 550m south east of Milton Cross
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: County of Herefordshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Pembridge

National Grid Reference: SO 38646 60279


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 550m south east of Milton Cross is a well preserved example of this class of monument. The barrow mound will retain evidence for its method of construction, which may include more than one phase, and for burials within it, enhancing our understanding of the technology, social organisation, and beliefs of its builders. The accumulated ditch fills will contain environmental evidence of activity at and around the barrow, both during and subsequent to its construction. The buried ground surface beneath the mound itself will similarly preserve environmental evidence for the prehistoric landscape in which it was constructed. The close relationship of the monument with the two neighouring barrows enhances interest in the individual monuments, and in the group as a focus of burial activity which may have continued over a prolonged period.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a bowl barrow, situated on a level floodplain north of the River Arrow. The land was once seasonally flooded and subsequently divided by a series of drains, many of which have now been filled in. The barrow is the most easterly in a line of three, extending WSW-ENE. A section of Rowe Ditch stretches north-south across the valley for c.800m, passing 250m west of the most westerly of the barrows. The barrow 550m south east of Milton Cross sits at the eastern edge of a field, separated from the Pembridge Road by a hedge. The remains include an earthen mound, c.22m in diameter and 0.6m high. Material for the construction of this mound will have been obtained from a surrounding ditch which is now completely infilled. Before the advent of ploughing and the construction of nearby drain and field boundaries, the three barrows would have formed a clearly visible alignment across the flat valley floor. The other barrows are the subject of separate schedulings (SM27490, SM27505), as is the Rowe Ditch.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 27506

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Watson, M D, 'Transactions of the Shropshire Archaeological and Historical Soc' in Ring-Ditches of the Upper Severn Valley, , Vol. 67, (1991)
H&W SMR Officer, (1995)

End of official listing