Bowl barrow 230m NE of Trinity Methodist Church, forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Sullington Warren

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1014945

Date first listed: 23-Mar-1970

Date of most recent amendment: 18-Oct-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 230m NE of Trinity Methodist Church, forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Sullington Warren
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1014945 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 16-Oct-2018 at 23:34:11.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: West Sussex

District: Horsham (District Authority)

Parish: Storrington and Sullington

National Grid Reference: TQ 09581 14627

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, occur either in isolation or grouped in cemeteries across most of lowland Britain. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed). The bowl barrow 230m NE of Trinity Methodist Church survives comparatively well, and part excavation has shown the cemetery of which it forms a part to contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the ways in which the barrow was constructed and used.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the north easternmost bowl barrow of a group of ten situated along two parallel NNW-SSE aligned Greensand ridges in the lee of the Sussex Downs. The cemetery is formed by two linear groups of barrows, one running along each ridge. The monument lies at the north eastern end of the eastern group, which consists of six barrows. It has a low, rougly circular mound c.10m in diameter and c.0.3m high, surrounded by a ditch from which material used to construct the barrow was excavated. This has become infilled over the years, but survives as a buried feature c.1m wide. The cemetery was partly excavated in 1809 when cinerary urns and burnt human bones were found.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 27090

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L, 'Sussex Archaeological Society' in Sussex in the Bronze Age, , Vol. 72, (1941), 64

End of official listing