Bowl barrow 100m west of the south western edge of Cissbury Ring hillfort

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1014947

Date first listed: 13-Nov-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 100m west of the south western edge of Cissbury Ring hillfort
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: West Sussex

District: Worthing (District Authority)

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: TQ 13436 07839

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 100m west of Cissbury Ring hillfort survives comparatively well and will contain important information relating to the construction and use of the monument. Its close association with other monuments on the spur, including earlier Neolithic flint mines and the later Iron Age hillfort will provide evidence for the changing function of this area of downland over the centuries.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a clay-with-flints capped chalk spur which projects from the southern edge of the Sussex Downs, c.3km north of the Channel coast at Worthing. The barrow has a roughly circular mound c.9m in diameter and c.0.4m high with a slight central hollow, indicating part excavation some time in the past. The mound is surrounded by a ditch from which material used to construct the barrow was excavated. This has become partly infilled over the years, but survives as a slight depression c.2m wide and c.0.25m deep.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 27070

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing