This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Disc barrow and pillbox within Boscombe Down airfield, 520m south east of the Officers' Mess

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Disc barrow and pillbox within Boscombe Down airfield, 520m south east of the Officers' Mess

List entry Number: 1015030

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Amesbury

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 21-Mar-1932

Date of most recent amendment: 13-Nov-1996

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 28938

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Disc barrows, the most fragile type of round barrow, are funerary monuments of the Early Bronze Age, with most examples dating to the period 1400-1200 BC. They occur either in isolation or in barrow cemeteries (closely-spaced groups of round barrows). Disc barrows were constructed as a circular or oval area of level ground defined by a bank and internal ditch and containing one or more centrally or eccentrically located small, low mounds covering burials, usually in pits. The burials, normally cremations, are frequently accompanied by pottery vessels, tools and personal ornaments. It has been suggested that disc barrows were normally used for the burial of women, although this remains unproven. However, it is likely that the individuals buried were of high status. Disc barrows are rare nationally, with about 250 known examples, most of which are in Wessex. Their richness in terms of grave goods provides important evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst prehistoric communities over a wide area of southern England as well as providing an insight into their beliefs and social organisation. As a particularly rare and fragile form of round barrow, all identified disc barrows would normally be considered to be of national importance.

The disc barrow located within Boscombe Down airfield survives well and will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. The pillbox formed part of the World War II defences of the airfield.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a disc barrow and a World War II pillbox within Boscombe Down airfield, 520m south east of the Officers' Mess. The disc barrow is situated on a slight slope and has a central mound 12m diameter, surrounded by a platform 16m wide, a ditch 7m wide and 0.3m deep and an outer bank 8m wide and 0.25m high. The barrow has an overall diameter of 74m. A World War II pillbox has been constructed on top of a low mound which sits on the outer bank on the eastern side of the barrow. It stands 1.3m high above ground and has six sides each 2.2m long and constructed from reinforced concrete. An earthen sound-barrier has been constructed to the south west of the monument and this does not form part of the scheduling. All signs are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SU 17456 39978

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1015030 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 18-Nov-2017 at 07:53:06.

End of official listing