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Wayside cross in Ludgvan churchyard, 10m south east of the church

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Wayside cross in Ludgvan churchyard, 10m south east of the church

List entry Number: 1015069

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Cornwall

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Ludgvan

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 08-Jun-1971

Date of most recent amendment: 12-Nov-1996

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 28469

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes linking ordinary settlements or on routes having a more specifically religious function, including those providing access to religious sites for parishioners and funeral processions, or marking long-distance routes frequented on pilgrimages. Over 350 wayside crosses are known nationally, concentrated in south west England throughout Cornwall and on Dartmoor where they form the commonest type of stone cross. A small group also occurs on the North York Moors. Relatively few examples have been recorded elsewhere and these are generally confined to remote moorland locations. Outside Cornwall almost all wayside crosses take the form of a `Latin' cross, in which the cross-head itself is shaped within the projecting arms of an unenclosed cross. In Cornwall wayside crosses vary considerably in form and decoration. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces of which various forms of cross or related designs were carved in relief or incised, the spaces between the cross arms possibly pierced. The design was sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ and the shaft might bear decorative panels and motifs. Less common forms in Cornwall include the `Latin' cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low relief cross on both faces. Rare examples of wheel-head and slab-form crosses also occur within the North York Moors group. Most wayside crosses have either a simple socketed base or show no evidence for a separate base at all. Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval religious customs and sculptural traditions and to our knowledge of medieval routeways and settlement patterns. All wayside crosses which survive as earth- fast monuments, except those which are extremely damaged and removed from their original locations, are considered worthy of protection.

This wayside cross in Ludgvan churchyard has survived well, remaining in its original location and retaining its original function as a waymarker, demonstrating well the longevity of many routes still in use. It is a good example of a wheel headed cross, with an unusual rounded bead at its neck.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a medieval wayside cross situated within the churchyard at Ludgvan, on the south coast of west Cornwall. This is one of three crosses now present in the churchyard. The wayside cross survives with an upright granite shaft and a round or `wheel' head set in a granite base. The principal faces are orientated north east-south west. The overall height of the monument is 1.7m. The head measures 0.38m high by 0.38m wide and is 0.11m thick. Both principal faces are decorated with a cross in low relief. Immediately below the equal limbed cross on the north east face is a rounded projecting band across the neck. The lower limb of the cross on the south west face extends down the shaft for 0.31m. The shaft measures 1.32m high by 0.29m wide and is 0.12m thick. The shaft is mounted in a circular granite base, measuring 0.77m north east-south west by 0.81m north west-south east. This wayside cross is situated near the south east angle of the churchyard at Ludgvan, where it marks the main route from Ludgvan to the major ancient, and modern, route through Cornwall, now the A30T. The historian Langdon, when he recorded this cross in 1896 believed that it was probably in situ. More recently it has been suggested the cross shaft now in the base may not belong to it and that this base was possibly the base of the original churchyard cross. The ornately decorated shaft of the original churchyard cross is built into the steps of the church tower. The headstone to the north of the cross base is excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Hitchens, A H, Ludgvan Parish Church, a short history, (1986)
Langdon, A G, Old Cornish Crosses, (1896)
Other
Title: 1:25000 Ordnance Survey Map; SW 33/43/part 53; Pathfinder 1364 Source Date: 1989 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

National Grid Reference: SW 50536 33025

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1015069 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 16-Dec-2017 at 01:11:45.

End of official listing