Bowl barrow known as Blood Hill with associated remains of a boundary bank

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015255

Date first listed: 26-Jun-1924

Date of most recent amendment: 05-Mar-1997

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow known as Blood Hill with associated remains of a boundary bank
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Norfolk

District: Breckland (District Authority)

Parish: Lynford

County: Norfolk

District: Breckland (District Authority)

Parish: Thetford

National Grid Reference: TL 84082 87656

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although the bowl barrow known as Blood Hill has undergone some disturbance as a result of forestry work and traffic along the track which formerly ran over it, a large part of the monument survives well. Archaeological information concerning the construction of the barrow and the manner and duration of its use, and evidence for the local environment at the time, will be contained in the remaining part of the mound and in deposits preserved beneath the mound and in the fill of the buried ditch. Soils buried beneath the mound are also likely to retain evidence for earlier land use on the site. The monument has additional interest in relation to the prehistoric flint mines of Grimes Graves which lie 1.7km to the north west and is one of several barrows preserved in this part of the Breckland region which, as a group, provide evidence for the study of the general character and development of prehistoric settlement in the area. The association between the barrow and the boundary bank is an example of the way in which prehistoric earthworks of this type were sometimes used as markers in the defining of medieval boundaries and is of interest in the context of the landscape history of the area.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is situated on a part of a track which runs along the parish boundary between Thetford to the east and Lynford to the west, on a gentle south west facing slope 332m NNE of the River Little Ouse, and it includes a bowl barrow incorporated in the remains of a boundary bank. The barrow is visible as an oval earthen mound measuring c.29m north west-south east by c.40m north east-south west and standing to a height of c.0.5m. This mound forms the central part of a more elongated earthwork which extends at a slightly lower height, tapering gradually for a distance of c.12.5m at either end of the mound along the same north east-south west axis, and which is considered to be the remains of a boundary bank. The maximum overall length of the upstanding earthwork is therefore 65m. The barrow mound has a truncated appearance on the eastern side and is thought originally to have covered a more nearly circular area with an estimated width of c.34m. It has also been reduced in height as a result of forestry cultivation, and when first recorded was c.2.6m in height. It is thought that the mound is encircled by a ditch from which earth was quarried during construction of the barrow, and although this has now become completely infilled and is no longer visible, it will survive as a buried feature below the ground surface.

A modern post and wire fence which encloses much of the earthwork is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21423

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
5655: Lynford/ Thetford,

End of official listing