Bowl barrow in Mount Ephraim Plantation, 770m north west of Field Barn


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015260

Date first listed: 26-Jun-1924

Date of most recent amendment: 05-Mar-1997


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow in Mount Ephraim Plantation, 770m north west of Field Barn
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Norfolk

District: Breckland (District Authority)

Parish: Weeting-with-Broomhill

National Grid Reference: TL 77623 91520

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 770m north west of Field Barn survives well, and although the mound is thought to have been the subject of an antiquarian investigation in the past, the area of disturbance is small in relation to the monument as a whole, which will retain archaeological information concerning the construction of the barrow, the manner and duration of its use and the local environment at that time. Evidence for land use predating its construction is also likely be preserved in soils buried beneath the mound. Another bowl barrow with a pond barrow adjacent lies c.85m to the south west of the monument, and the three are among a group of five barrows aligned on a north east-south west axis over a distance of 1km. As a group these have additional interest in relation to the prehistoric flint mines known as Grimes Graves, which lie c.4km to the south east, and together with other barrows preserved in this part of the Breckland region, provide evidence for the study of the general character and development of prehistoric settlement in the area.


The monument includes a bowl barrow which is located to the west of the track known as Pilgrims' Walk, on a slight ridge above a gentle south facing slope overlooking the valley of the Little Ouse River towards the western side of the Breckland region.

The barrow is visible as an earthen mound standing to a height of c.1.8m and covering a circular area c.28m in diameter. A slight depression in the surface on the western side probably marks the site of an investigation by Lord Rosehill in 1871, when cremation burials were found. The mound is thought to be encircled by a ditch, c.3m wide, from which earth was quarried during construction of the barrow, and although this has now become completely infilled and is no longer visible on the surface, it will survive as a buried feature.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21430

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
'Norfolk Archaeology' in Norfolk Archaeology, , Vol. 7, (1872), 372
Clarke, R R, 4995: Breckland; Weeting with Broomhill, (1935)

End of official listing