Bowl barrow west of Driffield Beck, 220m south west of King's Mill

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015310

Date first listed: 14-Mar-1997

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow west of Driffield Beck, 220m south west of King's Mill
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: East Riding of Yorkshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Garton

National Grid Reference: TA 01514 57239

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although subject to excavation in 1987 which is thought to have removed or disturbed the primary burial, the monument survives well in other respects and will nevertheless retain further archaeological information relating to the period of its construction, including secondary burials in its barrow mound. The monument has the additional and unusual feature of an attached causeway, which is thought to be related to its subsequent reuse as a meeting place or `moot'.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow lying 50m to the west of Driffield beck on the south western edge of Great Driffield. The line of a small stream or field drain passes around the eastern side of the monument, coinciding with what is thought to be the line of the ditch surrounding the barrow. The barrow is approximately 30m in diameter and survives to a height of some 3m. It is surrounded by a ditch of about 2m in diameter, which although it has become infilled through the course of time, will survive as a buried feature. On its western side the barrow is joined to slightly higher ground by a narrow causeway, which is an unusual feature and may indicate that the monument was used subsequently as a focus for meetings - possibly as a `moot'. Although it was subject to excavation in 1987 which is thought to have removed the primary burial, it will retain further archaeological information relating to the period of its construction, including secondary burials in the barrow mound. Modern post and wire fencing is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 26610

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Information on illegal excavation, Mr H.G. Mackgrill, owner, (1987)

End of official listing