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Besbury Lane bowl barrow, 450m north east of Conduit Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Besbury Lane bowl barrow, 450m north east of Conduit Farm

List entry Number: 1015324


The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Oxfordshire

District: West Oxfordshire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Churchill

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 22-Mar-1949

Date of most recent amendment: 19-Nov-1996

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 28151

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite reduction of the southern side of the mound due to cultivation in the past, the Besbury Lane bowl barrow survives as a good example of its class and will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to its construction and the landscape in which it was built. The barrow may have been reused for burial in the early medieval period.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes an upstanding Bronze Age bowl barrow known locally as the Besbury Lane barrow situated immediately south of Besbury Lane, 450m north east of Conduit Farm. The barrow sits on a false crest with views overlooking slight valleys to the south and west. The barrow mound, which was planted with trees to create a landscape feature in the last century, measures 27m in diameter from east-west and stands up to 2.7m high. From north-south its original diameter has been reduced to about 20m by cultivation over time. Its top is roughly level and has a diameter of 9m. There are two slight features cut into this which might represent part excavation but are more probably collapsed badger tunnels. Surrounding the mound is a quarry ditch from which material was obtained during its construction. The ditch measures about 3m wide and survives as an infilled feature to the south and around the remainder of the circuit as a partly infilled feature visible as a c.0.3m deep depression. The mound is very stony and there is a relatively modern dry stone wall revetting part of the mound. Its size and flat top suggest that the barrow may have been reused for burials in the early medieval period.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Mudd, A, Round Barrows of the Oxfordshire Cotswolds, (1983)
PRN 2291, C.A.O., Besbury Lane Round Barrow, (1995)
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:10000 Series Source Date: 1980 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: SP 22 NE

National Grid Reference: SP 29558 25025


© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1015324 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Sep-2018 at 02:52:35.

End of official listing