Two bell barrows and a bowl barrow, 200m north east of Haywards Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015332

Date first listed: 09-Mar-2001

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two bell barrows and a bowl barrow, 200m north east of Haywards Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: Purbeck (District Authority)

Parish: Bere Regis

National Grid Reference: SY 82091 96748, SY 82264 96842, SY 82303 96735

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite some reduction by ploughing, the two bell barrows and bowl barrow 200m north east of Haywards Farm survive comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument, which falls into three areas of protection, includes two bell barrows, to the north and west of the group, and a bowl barrow. All are situated on a gentle south east facing slope, overlooking the Bere valley. The barrows form part of a wider group of 11 which, together, form a round barrow cemetery on Roke Down. The two bell barrows each have a central mound composed of earth, flint and chalk, with maximum dimensions of between 18m and 23m in diameter and between 0.35m and 0.75m in height. The mounds are each surrounded by a berm or gently sloping platform which has become obscured due to ploughing. Each berm is surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. The ditches have become infilled over the years, but are known from aerial photographic evidence to survive as buried features. One of the bell barrows is known to have been partially excavated in the 19th century. The bowl barrow has a mound with maximum dimensions of 26m in diameter and about 0.45m in height. This barrow is also known from aerial photographic evidence to be surrounded by a quarry ditch. The south eastern area of the western bell barrow is not included in the scheduling were it has been quarried by the construction of a silage clamp. Excluded from the scheduling are all fence posts relating to the modern field boundary, although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28396

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 437
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 437
Other
Mention field observtion,

End of official listing