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Manorial settlement at Court Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Manorial settlement at Court Farm

List entry Number: 1015352

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: Purbeck

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Bere Regis

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 26-Oct-1971

Date of most recent amendment: 05-Mar-1997

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 28388

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Medieval manorial settlements, comprising small groups of houses with associated gardens, yards and paddocks, supported communities devoted primarily to agriculture, and acted as the foci for manorial administration. Although the sites of many of these settlements have been occupied continuously down to the present day, many others declined in size or were abandoned at some time during the medieval and post-medieval periods, particularly during the 14th and 15th centuries. The reasons for desertion were varied but often reflected declining economic viability, changes in land- use such as enclosure or emparkment, or population fluctuations as a result of widespread epidemics such as the Black Death. As a consequence of their abandonment, these settlements are frequently undisturbed by later occupation and contain well-preserved archaeological deposits, providing information on the diversity of medieval settlement patterns and farming economy, and on the structure and changing fortunes of manorial communities.

Despite the demolition of the manor house, much of the manorial settlement at Court Farm survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument, the landscape in which it was constructed and the economy of the community. Historical sources, including maps, provide a clear indication of the site's original extent.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a manorial settlement at Court Farm, situated on level ground to the north east of the Bere Stream. The area of the manorial settlement is depicted on a map produced by Isaac Taylor in 1770. This shows the manor house and additional structures at Court Farm, all enclosed within an area to the south east of Bere Church. The eastern area of the settlement is called `Back Close' and is associated with many of the ancillary structures. The manor house formed the principal home of the Turberville family. The structure was stone-built and constructed or extensively renovated by Thomas Tuberville prior to 1587. Hutchins describes the house as `a large hall with an oriel window'. Little other detail is known, as the house was demolished around 1830. The site of the manor house is now marked by foundation levels which are visible as earthworks. These include two raised platforms with maximum dimensions of 12m-20m by 25m-40m and c.0.5m in height, two sunken platforms of similar proportions and a probable fishpond to the south west with maximum dimensions of 20m by 11m and c.0.5m in depth, associated with an outer bank 5m wide and c.0.35m high. To the east of these earthworks are a pair of stone-built cottages which date from the later 17th century. The cottages are known to occupy the site of former manorial outbuildings, as a drawing dating to 1786 illustrates a granary which has since become incorporated into one of the cottages. Excluded from the scheduling are the structures of the two cottages which are occupied as residences (Listed Grade II) and the fence posts and gates relating to the field boundaries, although the underlying ground is included in each case.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Hutchins, J, History of Dorset: Volume I, (1861), 136
Other
Built/repaired before 1587, RCHME, National Monuments Record,
Description of cottages, English Heritage, Listed Buildings: Dorset, (1984)
Integration of cottages/granary, English Heritage, Listed Buildings: Dorset, (1984)
Mention formed seat of Tubervilles, RCHME, National Monuments Record,
Mention no evidence for the palace, RCHME, National Monuments Record,
RCHME, National Monuments Record,
Site now occupied by earthworks, Ancient Monuments Record 7,
Site occupied by building until c1830, Ancient Monuments Record 7,
Title: Map of Bere Regis Source Date: 1770 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: Site of manorial settlement

National Grid Reference: SY 84922 94668

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1015352 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 25-Nov-2017 at 11:36:04.

End of official listing