Bowl barrow 590m north west of Challacombe Cross, forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Horridge Moor
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1015468
Date first listed: 05-Jun-1972
Date of most recent amendment: 07-Feb-1997
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: North Devon (District Authority)
National Grid Reference: SS 70129 16176
Reasons for Designation
Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.
Despite ploughing over the years, the bowl barrow lying 590m north west of Challacombe Cross survives comparatively well and contains archaeological and environmental information relating to the mound and the surrounding landscape. This mound forms part of a round barrow cemetery which includes at least seven barrows and a ring ditch.
This monument includes a bowl barrow situated in a prominent location on a
south east facing ridge overlooking the valley of the Huntacott Water. The
barrow forms part of a round barrow cemetery which includes at least seven
mounds and a ring ditch. This barrow survives as a circular mound with a
diameter of 16.2m standing up to 0.7m high. The ditch from which material to
construct the mound was derived surrounds the barrow and survives as a buried
feature c.2m wide.
The other barrows forming this cemetery are the subject of separate
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 28629
Legacy System: RSM
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS71NW5, (1988)
MPP fieldwork by H. Gerrard, (1995)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing