Barron's Pike bowl barrow

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015732

Date first listed: 11-Jul-1961

Date of most recent amendment: 11-Jul-1997

Map

Ordnance survey map of Barron's Pike bowl barrow
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cumbria

District: Carlisle (District Authority)

Parish: Askerton

National Grid Reference: NY 59585 75161

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite some past stone robbing to construct a nearby drystone wall, Barron's Pike bowl barrow survives reasonably well. It is a rare example of a ditched bowl barrow in Cumbria and will contain undisturbed archaeological deposits within the mound and upon the old landsurface beneath. The cairn lies close to other prehistoric monuments on the fells around Bewcastle and thus indicates the importance of this area in prehistoric times and the diversity of monument classes to be found here.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes Barron's Pike bowl barrow. It is located on the western end of a plateau above and close to the edge of the rocky outcrop known as Barron's Pike, from where there are extensive views particularly to the north, west and south. It includes a circular mound of earth and stones measuring approximately 19m in diameter and up to 1m high which is surrounded by a ditch varying between 2.5m - 5.5m wide by 0.6m deep. A narrow causeway crosses the ditch on the south west side. The whole monument measures 26.5m in diameter.



MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 27757

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Hodgson, K S, 'Trans Cumb and West Antiq and Arch Soc. New Ser.' in Some Notes on Prehistoric Remains in the Border District, , Vol. XLIII, (1943), 170-2
Other
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
FMW Report, Crow, J, Barron's Pike, round barrow, (1988)
SMR No. 104, Cumbria SMR, Barrons Pike Round Barrow, (1980)

End of official listing