Neolithic long barrow in Valley Plantation


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015874

Date first listed: 07-Feb-1996

Date of most recent amendment: 20-Mar-1997


Ordnance survey map of Neolithic long barrow in Valley Plantation
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Lincolnshire

District: West Lindsey (District Authority)

Parish: Thorganby

National Grid Reference: TF 20543 98235


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds, generally with flanking ditches. They acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC), representing the burial places of Britain's early farming communities, and as such are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary activities preceding the construction of the barrow mound, including ditched enclosures containing structures related to various rituals of burial. It is probable, therefore, that long barrows acted as important spiritual sites for their local communities over considerable periods of time. The long barrows of the Lincolnshire Wolds and their adjacent regions have been identified as a distinct regional grouping of monuments in which the flanking ditches are continued around the ends of the barrow mound, either continuously or broken by a single causeway towards one end. More than 60 examples of this type of monument are known; a small number of these survive as earthworks, but the great majority of sites are known as cropmarks and soilmarks recorded on aerial photographs where no mound is evident at the surface. Not all Lincolnshire long barrows include mounds. Current limited understanding of the processes of Neolithic mortuary ritual in Lincolnshire is that the large barrow mound represents the final phase of construction which was not reached by all mortuary monuments. Many of the sites where only the ditched enclosure is known have been interpreted as representing monuments which had fully evolved mounds, but in which the mound itself has been degraded or removed by subsequent agricultural activity. In a minority of cases, however, the ditched enclosure will represent a monument which never developed a burial mound. As a distinctive regional grouping of one of the few types of Neolithic monuments known, these sites are of great value. They were all in use over a great period of time and are thus highly representive of changing cultures of the peoples who built and maintained them. All forms of long barrow on the Lincolnshire Wolds and its adjacent regions are therefore considered to be of national importance and all examples with significant surviving remains are considered worthy of protection.

The Neolithic long barrow in Valley Plantation is a substantial and well preserved earthwork undisturbed by agricultural and archaeological activity. Valuable archaeological information relating to its dating and construction and the sequence of burial ritual will be preserved beneath the mound and in the fills of the ditch. Environmental evidence surviving in these deposits will illustrate the nature of the landscape in which the monument was constructed and used. Its proximity to Ash Hill and Ash Holt long barrows and their association with the valley of the Waithe Beck poses wider questions regarding settlement patterns and routes of communications during the Neolithic period.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a Neolithic long barrow located 60m above sea level on the eastern bank of the Waithe Beck, in Valley Plantation c.200m west of Thorganby Hall. The barrow mound is aligned east-west and is approximately 35m long by 23m wide, standing to a maximum height of 4m at the western end which terminates steeply. The eastern tail of the barrow changes axis in a southerly direction. The ditch from which material for the mound would have been quarried is not visible but it will survive buried beneath the present ground surface. The monument lies about 2.1km NNW of Ash Hill long barrow (SM 27854) and c.3.25km SSE of the long barrow at Ash Holt (SM 27869), which are the subject of separate schedulings. These monuments, together with the long barrows at Hoe Hill, (also the subject of a separate scheduling), are thought to form a group associated with the valley of the Waithe Beck. The fence and fenceposts are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 27859

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Phillips, P, 'BAR' in Archaeology and Landscape Studies in North Lincolnshire, , Vol. 208(i), (1989), 181-183
Phillips, C W, 'Archaeological Journal' in The Long Barrows of Lincolnshire, , Vol. 89, (1933), 188

End of official listing