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Newton Barrows, a round barrow cemetery on Earl's Farm Down

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Newton Barrows, a round barrow cemetery on Earl's Farm Down

List entry Number: 1015902

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Amesbury

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 03-Mar-1960

Date of most recent amendment: 17-Apr-1997

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 28925

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The round barrow cemetery on Earl's Farm Down survives well and will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a group of nine bowl barrows which together form the major part of a linear round barrow cemetery known as Newton Barrows on Earl's Farm Down. Six of the barrows are arranged in a line broadly north east to south west along the summit of a ridge on a north west facing slope. A further two barrows are situated below the ridge, south east of the main row and a third is located west of the most northerly barrow in the main row. All of the barrows survive as earthworks with mounds ranging in size from 22m to 30m in diameter and from 0.8m to 3m high. All are surrounded by ditches from which material was quarried during their construction. These have become largely infilled over the years and survive as either a shallow depression or as a buried feature visible on aerial photographs. The quarry ditches range in width from 2m to 3.5m. The most southerly barrow of the group has been destroyed on its south side by the cutting of the now dismantled Amesbury Light Railway, although the north side survives as a low mound and buried ditches are visible in the railway cutting. One of the barrow mounds supports a World War II gun emplacement. This is included within the scheduling. A further bowl barrow which forms an outlier to the main core of the cemetery is located 80m to the south east and is the subject of a separate scheduling. All fence posts are excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 152
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 152
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 152
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 152
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 152
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 152
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 152
Piggott, C M, 'Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society' in A Middle Bronze Age Barrow and Deverel-Rimbury Urnfield, , Vol. 4, (1938), 187

National Grid Reference: SU 18261 41011

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1015902 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 10:34:32.

End of official listing