Cairn on Ackland's Moor 435m north of The Old Lighthouse, Lundy
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1016011
Date first listed: 10-Jun-1998
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Torridge (District Authority)
National Grid Reference: SS 13196 44730
Reasons for Designation
Lundy is a small, steep sided island in the Bristol Channel, 16m north of
Hartland Point, north Devon. Aligned north-south, it is 6km long by 1km wide
and supports a predominately moorland vegetation. The 100m high cliffs and
tabular form give it a striking appearance, visible in clear weather from
parts of south west England and south Wales.
Lundy's remoteness and (until the 19th century construction of the Beach Road)
its inaccessibility, combined with a lack of shelter and cultivable soils, has
meant that it has escaped more recent occupation or development. It therefore
preserves a remarkable variety of archaeological sites from early prehistory
(c.8000 BC) onwards, representing evidence for habitation, fortification,
farming and industry. There are also archaeological remains in the waters
surrounding the island - over 150 shipwrecks are already recorded. Most of the
island's archaeology is well documented from detailed survey in the 1980s and
Cairns are funerary monuments found typically on the upland moors of south
west England, northern Britain and Wales. They generally have mounds of earth
and small stones covering one or more burials which associated artefacts have
identified as being of Bronze Age date (2000-700 BC). Cairns are often
conspicuously sited and may be found close to other contemporary monument
classes, such as standing stones.
The cairns on Lundy together constitute an especially important group. They
survive in a landscape which has been little altered since prehistoric times
and they can therefore be clearly seen and understood in terms of the
topographic setting in which they were built.
Although partly disturbed by excavation, this cairn on Ackland's Moor survives reasonably well with parts of its burial chamber intact. The monument will provide evidence for its construction and use as well as the environmental conditions prevalent at the time. This is one of the few cairns on Lundy to have produced artefacts from which a date could be established.
The monument includes a cairn on Ackland's Moor 435m north of The Old
Lighthouse. A second cairn and associated standing stone lie 130m to the south
east and are the subject of a separate scheduling (SM27627).
The cairn is constructed of small and medium sized stones while larger stones
may be the remains of a short cist originally inside the mound. The cairn is
20m in diameter and 0.4m high. The monument shows some signs of distrubance by
past excavation, and it has been reported that Iron Age pottery has been found
on the site.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 27630
Legacy System: RSM
Books and journals
The National Trust Archaeological Survey, (1989), 74
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing