Cairn on Ackland's Moor 435m north of The Old Lighthouse, Lundy


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016011

Date first listed: 10-Jun-1998


Ordnance survey map of Cairn on Ackland's Moor 435m north of The Old Lighthouse, Lundy
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: Torridge (District Authority)

National Grid Reference: SS 13196 44730

Reasons for Designation

Lundy is a small, steep sided island in the Bristol Channel, 16m north of Hartland Point, north Devon. Aligned north-south, it is 6km long by 1km wide and supports a predominately moorland vegetation. The 100m high cliffs and tabular form give it a striking appearance, visible in clear weather from parts of south west England and south Wales. Lundy's remoteness and (until the 19th century construction of the Beach Road) its inaccessibility, combined with a lack of shelter and cultivable soils, has meant that it has escaped more recent occupation or development. It therefore preserves a remarkable variety of archaeological sites from early prehistory (c.8000 BC) onwards, representing evidence for habitation, fortification, farming and industry. There are also archaeological remains in the waters surrounding the island - over 150 shipwrecks are already recorded. Most of the island's archaeology is well documented from detailed survey in the 1980s and 1990s. Cairns are funerary monuments found typically on the upland moors of south west England, northern Britain and Wales. They generally have mounds of earth and small stones covering one or more burials which associated artefacts have identified as being of Bronze Age date (2000-700 BC). Cairns are often conspicuously sited and may be found close to other contemporary monument classes, such as standing stones. The cairns on Lundy together constitute an especially important group. They survive in a landscape which has been little altered since prehistoric times and they can therefore be clearly seen and understood in terms of the topographic setting in which they were built.

Although partly disturbed by excavation, this cairn on Ackland's Moor survives reasonably well with parts of its burial chamber intact. The monument will provide evidence for its construction and use as well as the environmental conditions prevalent at the time. This is one of the few cairns on Lundy to have produced artefacts from which a date could be established.


The monument includes a cairn on Ackland's Moor 435m north of The Old Lighthouse. A second cairn and associated standing stone lie 130m to the south east and are the subject of a separate scheduling (SM27627). The cairn is constructed of small and medium sized stones while larger stones may be the remains of a short cist originally inside the mound. The cairn is 20m in diameter and 0.4m high. The monument shows some signs of distrubance by past excavation, and it has been reported that Iron Age pottery has been found on the site.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 27630

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
The National Trust Archaeological Survey, (1989), 74

End of official listing