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Granite quarry on East Sidelands, Lundy

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Granite quarry on East Sidelands, Lundy

List entry Number: 1016041

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: Torridge

District Type: District Authority

Parish:

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 10-Jun-1998

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 30352

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Lundy is a small, steep sided island in the Bristol Channel, 16m north of Hartland Point, north Devon. Aligned north-south, it is 6km long by 1km wide and supports a predominately moorland vegetation. The 100m high cliffs and tabular form give it a striking appearance, visible in clear weather from parts of south west England and south Wales. Lundy's remoteness and (until the 19th century construction of the Beach Road) its inaccessibility, combined with a lack of shelter and cultivable soils, has meant that it has escaped more recent occupation or development. It therefore preserves a remarkable variety of archaeological sites from early prehistory (c.8000 BC) onwards, representing evidence for habitation, fortification, farming and industry. There are also archaeological remains in the waters surrounding the island - over 150 shipwrecks are already recorded. Most of the island's archaeology is well documented from detailed survey in the 1980s and 1990s.

The extraction of stone for various purposes has been practised in England during most periods from the Neolithic onwards. The exploitation of granite is comparatively recent, with its resistence to impact and weathering being its main virtue. Used for building and, in the 20th century, roads, the granite quarries of the south west are of particular note. The quarry on the East Sidelands survives well as an outstanding example of its class. With the exception of the machinery and stone robbed from buildings for other constructions on the island, little has changed since abandonment in 1868. The quarries are much visited and provide sufficient visible detail to reconstruct precisely the workings of a stone quarrying operation during the late 19th century.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument, which falls into two areas, includes a granite quarry on the cliffs called the East Sidelands on Lundy. The quarry was initiated by the Lundy Granite Company in 1863 and ceased trading in 1868. The quarry consists of five cliffside workings with their spoilheaps, a terrace revetted by massive stone walls serving as access to the workings, a floor for a light railway to each of the workings, a dressing floor, two inclines to carry the machinery to lift and lower the stone from the workings to a landing beach, two buildings for stabling and storage, and a time hut for the staff to supervise the operation. The terrace, which forms the greater part of the quarry, runs for 800m from a small gully in the side of the cliffs, 200m south of the Halfway Wall, to the north side of the valley below the Quarterwall. At the north end there are two workings cut into the cliff. The northern working runs back for 30m and is 15m wide; the southern is 60m deep and 30m wide. Both were served by a narrow- guage horse-drawn railway; the second had two rail branches from the main line. Spoil heaps spill over the edge of the terrace and run as far as 80m down the cliff towards the sea. The V C Quarry, so called because a plaque has been erected in the quarry to commemorate John Pennington Harman V C, is 200m south of these workings. This quarry runs 60m into the cliff and is 40m wide. This was served by a single rail branch. Immediately to the south is another opening in the cliff which was cut back only 20m but is 60m wide. This also had a small rail branch. Spoilheaps run out over the edge of the terrace from both of these workings. There is a small ruined building tucked under the cliff on the terrace between these two quarries. Beyond these quarries, the railway runs for a further 180m along the terrace to the south, past another ruined building, and meets the two inclines with the loading platform and the machinery for driving the bucket trains. The main incline runs from the beach to the top of the cliff and is 200m long. A second incline comes down from the dressing floor and meets it at the loading platforms where it was linked to the main driving machinery. At the head of the second incline is the time hut and a dressing floor on a revetted platform 40m long and 10m wide. At the southern end of this platform are the remains of a building which is associated with a second rail line linking an older quarry, now the Quarry Pond, with the second incline, the dressing floor and the spoil dump immediately below the Quarterwall cottages. At the junction of the track which runs down to the main terrace from the time hut, a point 135m north of the main incline, another path runs down below the spoil tips to the Quarry Beach where there was once a crane at the foot of the incline and a landing stage built of timber to take the stone away on boats. The base for the crane survives but the landing stage is no longer present. At the southern end of the complex, 90m to the west of the southernmost spoil dump, are the three cottages in a terrace on the top of the cliff, known as Quarterwall Cottages. These are ruinous but walls survive up to gable height. A well 30m to the west of these cottages and associated with them is in a separate area of protection. Associated with the quarry workings is the infirmary building, 200m to the west of the loading platforms and on the top of the cliff. This is the subject of a separate scheduling. Also associated are the foundations of a row of cottages for the workers 100m west of Quarry Pond and the foundations of another row of worker's cottages which were never completed. Both these rows of foundations are the subject of separate scheduling. The Heligoland trap which has been erected on the terrace 30m to the north of the winding machine platform is not included in the scheduling but the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Lamplugh, L, Lundy Island Without Equal, (1993)
Langham, A, Langham, M, Lundy, (1970), 98
Langham, A, 'The Lundy Island Chronical' in The Lundy Island Chronical, (1986), 8

National Grid Reference: SS 13751 44962, SS 13847 44957

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1016041 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 17-Nov-2017 at 05:47:11.

End of official listing