Bowl barrow 240m south west of Lane End

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016221

Date first listed: 24-Sep-1997

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 240m south west of Lane End
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: Torridge (District Authority)

Parish: Halwill

National Grid Reference: SS 43192 00068

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited damage as a result of modern activities, the bowl barrow 240m south west of Lane End survives comparatively well and is known from part excavation to contain archaeological and environmental information relating to the monument and its surrounding landscape. This barrow forms part of a wider distribution which includes several barrows situated in this part of Devon.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow situated on the summit of a hill to the north east of Halwill overlooking the valleys of two tributaries of the River Carey to the north and east. The upland area in which it lies supports a concentration of barrows, most of which are situated on ridges. The monument survives as an elongated oval mound which measures 27m long from east to west and 25m wide from north to south and is 0.8m high. The ditch, from which material to construct the mound was derived, survives as a 2m wide buried feature. The mound and ditch have been cut by a quarry to the east, which has been partly backfilled. The site was part excavated by Burnard in 1895. A platform of small, flat, fired stones which measured 3.6m long, 1.8m wide and 0.3m high was found at the centre of the mound and this was covered with charcoal and ash. A pit was also found nearby which measured 1.36m long, 1m wide and 1.2m deep. This contained calcined animal bone. Also recovered were a few sherds of Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age pottery and an amber pendant. All fences and fence posts are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28644

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS40SW12, (1983)

End of official listing