Moat Farm moated site, 650m west of Goodwyns Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016234

Date first listed: 12-Jun-1997

Map

Ordnance survey map of Moat Farm moated site, 650m west of Goodwyns Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Suffolk

District: Suffolk Coastal (District Authority)

Parish: Heveningham

County: Suffolk

District: Suffolk Coastal (District Authority)

Parish: Peasenhall

National Grid Reference: TM 33891 70959

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Moat Farm moated site survives well and displays a good range of the features associated with this class of monument, including an internal pond which is well preserved. It will retain important archaeological information concerning the construction and use of the site, and evidence of earlier land use will be contained in soils buried beneath the raised surface of the eastern part of the island. Organic materials will also be preserved in waterlogged deposits in the moat and pond.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a moated site situated along the southern boundary of Heveningham parish and above the valley of the River Yox which runs 600m to the south. The moat, which measures between 6m and 8m in width and has a depth of up to 1.5m, surrounds a quadrangular island with maximum dimensions of 95m east-west by 80m north-south, the overall dimensions of the moated site being 110m by 92m. The northern and southern arms of the moat are crossed by opposed causeways, although the southern of the two, giving access to the field beyond, is an addition to the original layout. The northern arm of the moat, to the west of the causeway, is expanded externally to form a pond which survives as a dry hollow up to 1m deep and measuring approximately 23m across. Around the outer edge of this pond, on the west side, are traces of a slight bank. At the north western angle of the moat, and forming a westward extension of it, is a sub-triangular pond measuring approximately 17m by 13m. The moat, which is fed by surface drainage, is silted and is seasonally wet, although it is likely that deposits below the surface remain permanently waterlogged. The island is partly divided by a southward extension of the northern arm of the moat, flanking the east side of the causeway and comprising a ditch approximately 30m long, measuring up to 4m in width and 1.5m in depth. The southern end of the subdivision is marked by a corresponding but much shorter northward spur, approximately 5m in length, on the southern arm. The surface of the island to the east of these features is raised approximately 0.5m above the prevailing ground level and centrally located within this area is an east-west linear pond, measuring approximately 23m by 6m and connected to the eastern arm of the moat by a short channel which probably incorporated a sluice. The house, which is dated in part to the 16th or 17th century and is Listed Grade II, stands just south of the centre of the island and is excluded from the scheduling, together with its associated outbuildings; also excluded are the farm buildings which occupy the north western part of the site, the track which crosses the site, all yard surfaces, and inspection chambers, although the ground beneath all these buildings and features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21312

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 Old Series TM 3370 Source Date: Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

End of official listing