Bowl barrow 580m north east of The Lodge, Brandon


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016256

Date first listed: 05-Mar-1997


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 580m north east of The Lodge, Brandon
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This copy shows the entry on 19-Jan-2019 at 16:27:23.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Suffolk

District: Forest Heath (District Authority)

Parish: Santon Downham

National Grid Reference: TL 80276 86790


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 580m north east of The Lodge survives well, with a variety of identifiable features, and although there is evidence that it has been the subject of an antiquarian investigation, the area of disturbance indicated by the depression in the surface of the mound is small in relation to the monument as a whole. Archaeological information concerning the construction of the barrow, the manner and duration of its use, and the local environment at that time will be contained in the mound, the fill of the surrounding ditch, and in soils buried beneath the mound and the external bank. The buried soils are also likely to retain evidence for earlier land use, predating the construction of the barrow. The monument has additional interest in relation to the prehistoric flint mines of Grimes Graves which lie 3km to the north west, and, together with other barrows preserved in this part of the Breckland region, provides evidence for the study of the general character and development of prehistoric settlement in the area.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a bowl barrow which is located on a slight east-west ridge on the south side of the valley of the Little Ouse River in the Breckland region.

The barrow is visible as an earthen mound encircled by a ditch and a low bank and has an overall diameter of c.33m. The mound stands to a height of c.1.6m and covers a circular area c.21m in diameter. The surrounding ditch, from which earth was quarried during the construction of the barrow, has become largely infilled but survives as a buried feature and can be traced around the eastern and northern side as a slight hollow c.3m wide and up to c.0.25m deep in the ground surface. The external bank, measuring up to 3m in width at the base and c.0.25m in height, is visible around most of the circumference.

A depression c.3.5m wide and c.9m in length in the surface of the mound, extending from the south eastern edge towards the centre, probably marks the site of an antiquarian investigation.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21436

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing