This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Rectangular earthwork enclosure in Hill Wood, 650m south east of Grimsdyke Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Rectangular earthwork enclosure in Hill Wood, 650m south east of Grimsdyke Farm

List entry Number: 1016329

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Oxfordshire

District: West Oxfordshire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Kiddington with Asterleigh

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 09-Apr-1951

Date of most recent amendment: 24-Sep-1997

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 28111

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Enclosures provide evidence of land use and agricultural practices in the prehistoric and Romano-British periods, although later examples are also known. They were constructed as stock pens or as protected areas for crop growing and were sometimes subdivided to provide temporary dwellings for stock, farmers or herdsmen. The size and form of enclosures may vary considerably depending on their particular function. Their variation in form, longevity and their relationship to other monument classes, including extensive field systems, provides important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices. Enclosures are central to our understanding of the development of the rural landscape and well-preserved examples are considered worthy of protection. The enclosure in Hill Wood survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction and use, and to the nature of the landscape in which it was built. The part infilling of the ditches will have resulted in the enhanced preservation of organic remains in the primary archaeological deposits.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a roughly rectangular earthwork enclosure, believed to be Iron Age in date, which is situated in Hill Wood, 650m south east of Grimsdyke Farm. The enclosure lies on a steep east-facing slope with its only original entrance in the south west (uphill) corner. The enclosure measures approximately 115m east-west and 55m north-south and is surrounded by a shallow ditch which measures from 12m to 13.6m wide and now stands open to a depth of 0.4m. This ditch is partly infilled with accumulated leaf litter and will survive as a buried feature about 1m deep. A low earthwork 0.2m high and about 2m wide around the entrance in the south western corner is believed to represent the remains of a rampart bank. All fences are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
PRN 2399, C.A.O., HILLWOOD EARTHWORK, GLYMPTON, (1992)
Title: SP 42 SW Source Date: 1960 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: 1:10560 Map quarter sheet

National Grid Reference: SP 41399 21420

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1016329 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 22-Nov-2017 at 11:49:02.

End of official listing