Highworth circle 520m north west of North Leaze Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016382

Date first listed: 08-Sep-1949

Date of most recent amendment: 29-Jan-1998

Map

Ordnance survey map of Highworth circle 520m north west of North Leaze Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Swindon (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Highworth

National Grid Reference: SU 18851 95822

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Highworth circles are a type of earthwork enclosure found mostly in north east Wiltshire, with a few outliers north of the Thames in Oxfordshire. Although they are known as `circles' their form varies from circular or sub-circular with diameters of between 40m and 90m, to sub-rectangular. All have a wide flat bottomed ditch with an external bank. Despite limited fieldwork and excavation their date remains uncertain. Although sharing characteristics with henge monuments of Neolithic date, Highworth circles, located almost entirely within the Hundred of Highworth, may be suggested as being of Medieval date, possibly constructed for stock management. Over 40 examples have been recorded, many of them reduced by modern cultivation. All examples exhibiting significant survival of archaeological remains will normally be identified as nationally important. Despite some damage, the Highworth circle 520m north west of North Leaze Farm will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes an earthwork enclosure, known as a Highworth circle, located 520m north west of North Leaze Farm. The site lies on a clay plain with Crouch Hill to the south and the River Thames to the north. The enclosure is approximately circular and survives partly as a low earthwork which includes a ditch surrounded by an outer bank. The remainder of the circuit is visible on aerial photographs which allows an overall diameter of 75m to be calculated.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28953

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing