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Bowl barrow 300m north of White Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow 300m north of White Farm

List entry Number: 1016561

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Codford

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 04-Feb-1957

Date of most recent amendment: 16-Jul-1999

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 31670

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite being spread by ploughing, the bowl barrow 300m north of White Farm will contain further archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. Partial excavation has revealed several phases of use indicating the significance of the monument over many centuries.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow 300m north of White Farm and situated at the top of a gentle east facing slope on the edge of Lamb Down, a chalk promontory on the southern edge of Salisbury Plain commanding extensive views over the Wylye Valley. The mound of the barrow is up to 0.3m high and 18m across. It was built from and situated over a localised outcrop of Middle Chalk. Partial excavation in 1958 revealed that it is a scraped up barrow; in other words it was built without the excavation of a quarry ditch. A pit 1.2m wide in the centre of the mound was interpreted as a robbing hole and a burnt surface to the south east of this with fragments of cremated bone was interpreted as the site of a cremation. A kidney shaped pit containing the bones of a horse and two dogs which cut the robbing pit was interpreted as a recent intrusion. One fragment of Bronze Age pottery as well as Romano British pottery, a bronze pendant and three iron studs were found in the mound and the chalk below.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Colt Hoare, R, The Ancient History of Wiltshire: Volume I, (1812), 81
Vatcher, F, 'Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Magazine' in The Excavation of the Barrows on Lamb Down: Codford St Mary, , Vol. 58, (1963), 417-441

National Grid Reference: ST 99017 39073

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1016561 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 13-Dec-2017 at 06:56:11.

End of official listing