Cross dyke 180m north of radio masts at Glatting Beacon

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016620

Date first listed: 18-Jan-1998

Date of most recent amendment: 07-Jul-1999

Map

Ordnance survey map of Cross dyke 180m north of radio masts at Glatting Beacon
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: West Sussex

District: Chichester (District Authority)

Parish: Bignor

County: West Sussex

District: Chichester (District Authority)

Parish: Sutton

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: SU 96518 13298, SU 96610 13302

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Cross dykes are substantial linear earthworks typically between 0.2km and 1km long and comprising one or more ditches arranged beside and parallel to one or more banks. They generally occur in upland situations, running across ridges and spurs. They are recognised as earthworks or as cropmarks on aerial photographs, or as combinations of both. The evidence of excavation and analogy with associated monuments demonstrates that their construction spans the millennium from the Middle Bronze Age, although they may have been re-used later. Current information favours the view that they were used as territorial boundary markers, probably demarcating land allotment within communities, although they may also have been used as trackways, cattle droveways or defensive earthworks. Cross dykes are one of the few monument types which illustrate how land was divided up in the prehistoric period. They are of considerable importance for any analysis of settlement and land use in the Bronze Age. Very few have survived to the present day and hence all well- preserved examples are considered to be of national importance.

The cross dyke 180m north of the radio masts at Glatting Beacon survives well, despite some later disturbance, and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the construction and use of the monument. The cross dyke is one of a group of broadly contemporary monuments situated along this part of the Sussex Downs, providing evidence for the relationship between burial practices, settlement and land division in the area during the later prehistoric period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument, which falls into two separate areas of protection, includes an east-west aligned cross dyke constructed across a ridge projecting northwards from a chalk hill which forms part of the Sussex Downs. The 180m long cross dyke has a ditch on its southern side up to about 7m wide and 1m deep and is flanked to the north by a bank up to about 10m wide and 1m high. At each end the earthwork fades out above steep slopes. Towards the centre of the dyke, a 10m long section of the earthwork has been completely levelled and any surviving buried features significantly disturbed by the construction of a later track. This area is therefore not included in the scheduling. A short section of the ditch on its southern edge has been clipped by later quarrying. The modern fences which cross the monument are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 32245

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing