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Cross dyke and bowl barrow on Bell Hill 690m north east of Baker's Folly

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Cross dyke and bowl barrow on Bell Hill 690m north east of Baker's Folly

List entry Number: 1016686

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: North Dorset

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Ibberton

County: Dorset

District: North Dorset

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Okeford Fitzpaine

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 09-Jul-1958

Date of most recent amendment: 07-Jul-1999

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 31062

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Cross dykes are substantial linear earthworks typically between 0.2km and 1km long and comprising one or more ditches arranged beside and parallel to one or more banks. They generally occur in upland situations, running across ridges and spurs. They are recognised as earthworks or as cropmarks on aerial photographs, or as combinations of both. The evidence of excavation and analogy with associated monuments demonstrates that their construction spans the millennium from the Middle Bronze Age, although they may have been re-used later. Current information favours the view that they were used as territorial boundary markers, probably demarcating land allotment within communities, although they may also have been used as trackways, cattle droveways or defensive earthworks. Cross dykes are one of the few monument types which illustrate how land was divided up in the prehistoric period. They are of considerable importance for any analysis of settlement and land use in the Bronze Age. Very few have survived to the present day and hence all well- preserved examples are considered to be of national importance.

The cross dyke on Bell Hill 690m north east of Baker's Folly is a well preserved example of its class and will contain archaeological remains providing information about later prehistoric land use and environment. This is one of several similar cross dykes around a contemporary settlement providing an unusual and significant association.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a cross ridge dyke 690m north east of Baker's Folly running north west-south east across a spur of Bell Hill, on a gentle south western facing slope. It is one of four similar sites situated on the edge of the plateau, possibly associated with the broadly contemporary settlement at Ringmoor 1.5km to the north east. These other sites are the subject of separate for schedulings. The cross dyke has a bank, 8m wide and 1.2m high, with a ditch on its northern side, 8m wide and approximately 1m deep. There is a slight bank on the outer edge of the ditch, 1.5m wide and 0.3m high, visible along much of the length of the earthwork. The dyke has been truncated by the modern ridgeway track at a point where it kinks and changes direction slightly. It has been suggested that this deviation in the alignment may be due to the presence of a burial mound, much mutilated and now no longer identifiable on the surface, but recorded by the Ordnance Survey in 1955 as being 10m in diameter and 0.6m high, adjacent to the southern edge of the dyke. The Royal Commission on Historical Monuments of England suggested that there may have been an original entrance through the earthwork at this point. Part of the parish boundary bank between Okeford Fitzpaine and Ibberton runs along the bottom of the ditch at the north western end of the dyke. This survives to 1.8m wide and 0.3m high. The cross dyke lies within a prehistoric field system which has been reduced in height by ploughing in the vicinity of the monument. This is not included in the scheduling. All fence posts and the surface of the track are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: ST 79682 07996

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 24-Nov-2017 at 08:58:24.

End of official listing