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Moathill Barn moated site

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Moathill Barn moated site

List entry Number: 1016698

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Suffolk

District: Mid Suffolk

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Westhorpe

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 02-Jul-1999

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 30568

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Moathill Barn moated site is of particular interest because of its association with the medieval and Tudor deer park in Westhorpe and thus, historically, with Westhorpe Hall moated site, where an early 16th century great house was built by Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk.

The moat and buried deposits within the central island will retain archaeological information concerning its construction and use during the medieval and early post medieval period. Organic materials, including evidence for the local environment in the past, are also likely to be preserved in the lower fill of the moat. Moats were often constructed in medieval deer parks, usually around hunting lodges or park keepers houses. The deer parks themselves, the majority of which were established between 1200 and 1350, were areas of land set aside for the management and hunting of game, chiefly deer, and could contain a variety of features such as rabbit warrens, fishponds and enclosures for the game, in addition to lodges and other buildings, moated or otherwise. From the 15th century onwards, few such parks were constructed, and by the end of the 17th century most had disappeared in their original form.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a moated site located to the north west of Westhorpe village, about 1.1km from Westhorpe Hall moated site, the subject of a separate scheduling, and 185m south of Westhorpe Lodge Farm.

The moat, which ranges in width from approximately 7.5m on the east side to 15m on the south, surrounds a trapezoidal central island with a maximum internal length of 65m north west-south east and a width of 65m at the northern end narrowing to approximately 38m. A causeway across the northern end of the western arm of the moat is not shown on a map made in 1842 and therefore is thought not to be original. The northern arm of the moat and the northern end of the eastern arm have been largely infilled, although the outer edges are still clearly defined. The remainder, although silted, is seasonally wet.

The moated site is within what is understood to have been the area of a medieval and Tudor deer park associated with Westhorpe Hall, near what was probably the western boundary, and was perhaps the site of a park keepers house. Westhorpe Lodge and several of the old names of the surrounding fields, such as Pale Close and Great and Little Lawn, relate to features of this park, and 19th century maps show a series of curving boundaries such as are characteristic of medieval parks and may originally have demarcated parts of the park boundary and the boundaries of compartments within it. In 1537, when Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk owned Westhorpe Hall, the park was stocked with 100 red deer and 200 fallow deer and noted as `ffyne ffedynge grounde'.

Farm buildings on the central island, yard surfaces and a service pole are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Gunn, S J, Lindley, P G, 'Archaeol J' in Charles Brandon's Westhorpe: an early Tudor Courtyard House, , Vol. 145, (1988)
Other
Title: Westhorpe: Tithe Map and Apportionment Source Date: 1840 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: CRO, Ipswich:

National Grid Reference: TM 04091 69767

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1016698 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 25-Nov-2017 at 04:03:11.

End of official listing