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Bowl barrow on Ibsley Common, 820m south east of Broomy

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow on Ibsley Common, 820m south east of Broomy

List entry Number: 1016744

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: New Forest

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Ellingham, Harbridge and Ibsley

County: Hampshire

District: New Forest

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Hyde

National Park: NEW FOREST

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 23-Feb-1971

Date of most recent amendment: 16-Apr-1999

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 31175

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow on Ibsley Common 820m south east of Broomy survives comparatively well despite some later disturbance caused by its use for a parish boundary marker stone and by gravel extraction related to the use of the area as a World War II aerodrome. It forms part of a widely spaced group of at least 15 round barrows situated on Ibsley Common. Partial excavation of six of these barrows has demonstrated that they retain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to each barrow and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow of Late Neolithic or Bronze Age date, situated on sloping ground at the heel of a steep spur projecting east from the northern end of a high gravel plateau on Ibsley Common. This flat plateau, which covers an area of approximately 240ha, was later used as the site of a World War II aerodrome for which some associated structural and earthwork remains survive. The monument is located on the parish boundary between Ellingham, Harbridge and Ibsley and Hyde which is marked by a square stone set into the top of the barrow. At least 15 further round barrows are widely spaced across the common, all of which are situated near the upper edges of the central plateau or on subsidiary spurs. These are the subject of separate schedulings. The monument has been disturbed by the later parish boundary stone and by World War II gravel extraction, but survives as a roughly circular mound, 13m in diameter. It is situated on a slight rise on the spur which has been exaggerated by the gravel digging, rising up to 0.8m above a remnant of the original land surface on the north western side where traces of a surrounding quarry ditch, 2m wide and 0.1m deep, survive. This ditch, which would have provided material for the barrow's construction, has been destroyed to the south where the barrow has been cut by deep gravel extraction pits. Excavations of six other barrows on Ibsley Common in 1917 and 1921 revealed similar ditches encircling mounds constructed of layers of compacted clay, sand and gravel flints. The excavations indicated oval or rectangular voids for inhumation burials at the centres of two of the barrows and Bronze Age funerary urns filled with burnt human bone and other material at the centres of three others. The urns and other materials recovered from these excavations are now held at the Salisbury Museum. The parish boundary marker stone located on the monument is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Hampshire Barrows, , Vol. 14, (1938), 359
Sumner, H, 'Proceedings of the Bournemouth Natural Science Society' in Barrows on Ibsley Common, , Vol. 14, (1922), 9-10

National Grid Reference: SU 18128 11261

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1016744 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 08:29:09.

End of official listing