Moated site 320m north east of Petton parish church

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1016828
Date first listed:
07-Jul-1999

Map

Ordnance survey map of Moated site 320m north east of Petton parish church
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
Shropshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Petton
National Grid Reference:
SJ 44269 26480

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site 320m north east of Petton parish church is a well-preserved example of this class of monument. The moat island will retain structural and artefactual evidence for the buildings that once stood on the site which, together with the artefacts and organic remains existing in the moat, will provide valuable evidence about the occupation and social status of its inhabitants. Organic remains surviving in the buried ground surfaces under the raised interior, below the outer bank, and within the moat itself, will also provide information about changes to the local environment and land use before and after the moated site was constructed.

Details

The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a medieval moated site situated on level ground at the base of a slope which rises to the west of the site. Approximately 300m south west of the moated site is a bowl barrow which is the subject of a separate scheduling. The arms of the moat, which retain water, are between 10m and 14m wide. A 12m wide extension to the south western arm is the result of later quarrying, and is therefore not included in the scheduling. The moat defines a square island approximately 36m across. Material excavated from the moat was used to raise the surface of the island by about 0.5m above the level of the surrounding ground. Additional material was also deposited outside the moat, parallel to the north western ditch, to form a bank 9m wide and 0.8m high. A later bridge, 2.7m across, formed by two arches, and built of hand-made bricks, crosses the north eastern moat ditch at its mid-point. Ponds and other embanked features were constructed in the area to the north and east of the moated site. These have been extensively damaged by modern agricultural practices and are not included in scheduling. All modern field boundaries are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
32301
Legacy System:
RSM

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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