Foxcote Grove bowl barrow

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016831

Date first listed: 17-Aug-1948

Date of most recent amendment: 11-Jan-1999

Map

Ordnance survey map of Foxcote Grove bowl barrow
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1016831 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 14-Dec-2018 at 19:58:04.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Gloucestershire

District: Cotswold (District Authority)

Parish: Withington

National Grid Reference: SP 01081 17368

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow at Foxcote Grove survives reasonably well, despite a third of the monument having been removed in the 19th century. The surviving part of the barrow will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the surviving portion of a bowl barrow standing at the southern edge of Foxcote Grove, at the crest of a hill in the Cotswolds. The barrow has a mound which measures 12m from east to west, but only 7m north to south, as the southern portion of the barrow appears to have been destroyed when it was opened in 1863. The mound stands to about 2m in height, and there are traces of a 1.5m wide ditch around the barrow mound, except on its southern side. A drystone wall runs immediately to the south of the mound, possibly revetting the surviving portion. Material is known to have been removed from the barrow for road building in 1863. An inhumation burial of a young female was revealed, which is now thought to have been intrusive, while in another part of the barrow 300-400 Roman coins were discovered, almost all dating to the fourth century AD. The revetment wall is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31932

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
O`Neil, H E, Grinsell, L V, 'Proc of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Arch Soc' in Gloucestershire Barrows, , Vol. LXXIX, (1960), 10-144

End of official listing