Moated site known as Tadgells, 100m south west of The Cottage


Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
Date first listed:


© Crown Copyright and database right 2021. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2021. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1017003.pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 23-Jan-2021 at 05:33:57.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Epping Forest (District Authority)
National Grid Reference:
TL 50912 10770

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Despite some infilling of the northern arm and part of the eastern arm of the moat the moated site known as Tadgells survives well. The island remains largely undisturbed and will retain buried evidence for structures and other features relating to the earlier periods of occupation. The buried silts in the base of the ditches will contain both artefacts relating to the period of occupation and environmental evidence for the appearance of the landscape in which the monument is set. In particular, the buried northern arm of the moat, infilled prior to 1896, may retain sealed deposits from still earlier periods.

Tadgells moat lies in an area where moated sites are fairly numerous, with further moated sites situated in the parish of Matching, in Matching Park, 600m to the ENE, at Matching Hall, 2km to the north east, and at Stocks Hall on Matching Green, 3.3km to the ENE. Comparative studies between these sites and with further examples from other regions will provide significant insights into the developments of settlement and many other aspects of medieval society in England.


The monument includes a medieval moated site known as Tadgells which is located on the eastern edge of the hamlet of Housham Tye and to the east of Carter's Green. The name `Tadgells' is first recorded as Taggles in 1327, after the family of John Tagel.

The moated site includes a rectangular island measuring approximately 30m east to west by at least 36m north to south. The island is contained by a water-filled moat or ditch on the east, south and west sides. This measures up to 10m wide and a maximum of 2m deep. The northern arm of the moat, which now survives as a buried feature, was infilled at some time prior to 1896, when the 2nd edition 25 inch Ordnance Survey map was drawn up. A 6m section at the northern end of the eastern arm appears to have been infilled after 1896 when it was depicted on the 2nd edition Ordnance Survey map as open and water-filled. The remaining open section of the eastern moat ditch has also since been partly infilled and now can be seen to narrow towards the northern end.

There is some indication of a building platform marking the site of an earlier house towards the southern side of the island, perhaps a forerunner to the present Grade II Listed Building, which dates from the 15th century with 16th and 17th additions immediately to the north of the moated site. A post- medieval bakehouse/dairy stands partly on the northern side of the island and is connected to the house via a modern brick built passageway.

A rectangular water feature, immediately to the west of the moat which surrounds the adjacent plot of land and is linked to the southern end of the western arm of the moat, is thought to represent an enclosure defined by drains, of which there are many encompassing gardens and land plots in the immediate area.

The former bakehouse/dairy together with the glasshouse, fencing, gates and all other modern pathways and surfaces are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
Legacy System:


Books and journals
Reaney, PH, Place names of Essex, (1935), 46
Title: Ordnance Survey 2nd Edition 25" Map Source Date: 1896 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: Essex Record Office: 41/12
Title: Ordnance Survey Card now SMR Source Date: 1975 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: TL51SW25
Title: Tithe Map of Matching Source Date: 1843 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: Essex Record Office:


This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

Your Contributions

Do you know more about this entry?

The following information has been contributed by users volunteering for our Enriching The List project. For small corrections to the List Entry please see our Minor Amendments procedure.

The information and images below are the opinion of the contributor, are not part of the official entry and do not represent the official position of Historic England. We have not checked that the contributions below are factually accurate. Please see our terms and conditions. If you wish to report an issue with a contribution or have a question please email [email protected].