Round barrow cemetery 450m south west of Tossell's Barton

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1017140

Date first listed: 16-Nov-1964

Date of most recent amendment: 25-Nov-1999

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round barrow cemetery 450m south west of Tossell's Barton
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 16-Dec-2018 at 17:05:01.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: North Devon (District Authority)

Parish: East and West Buckland

National Grid Reference: SS 66138 33936

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite reduction in their heights through cultivation, and very limited partial excavation of the largest barrow mound, the round barrow cemetery 450m south west of Tossell's Barton survives well and will contain archaeological information relating to the monument as well as environmental evidence about the surrounding landscape.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes a round barrow cemetery situated on an upland ridge known as Stoodleigh Down overlooking the valleys of tributaries to the River Bray. The monument survives as a cluster of 12 circular mounds of varying size, each surrounded by a quarry ditch from which material to construct the barrows was derived. These ditches are all preserved as buried features from 3m-4m wide. The mounds vary in size from 13.5m in diameter up to 27.2m. The heights of the mounds range from 0.3m up to 2.3m. The largest mound approximately at the centre of the group, has a small central depression on the summit, which measures 2.9m long north to south, 2m wide east to west and up to 0.2m deep. This may be the result of part excavation in antiquity.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 32239

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS63SE12, (1982)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS63SE13, (1982)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS63SE14, (1972)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS63SE15, (1972)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS63SE3, (1986)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS63SE4, (1982)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS63SE5, (1982)
MPP fieldwork by H Gerrard, Gerrard, H, (1999)

End of official listing