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Moated site at Moat House

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Moated site at Moat House

List entry Number: 1017345

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Worcestershire

District: Malvern Hills

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Longdon

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 24-Nov-2000

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 31962

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Despite partial infilling the moated site at Moat House survives well as a good example of its class of monument. The island, which is large, will be expected to preserve evidence of former structures, including both domestic and ancillary buildings and their associated occupation levels. These remains will illustrate the nature of use of the site and the lifestyle of its inhabitants in addition to providing evidence on the date of construction and any subsequent periods of use of the moat.

The moat ditch will also be expected to preserve earlier deposits including evidence of its construction and any alterations during its active history. The waterlogged condition of a large proportion of the moat will preserve environmental information about the ecosystem and landscape in which it was set.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the buried and earthwork remains of the moated site at Moat House located at the south eastern edge of Longdon village, on rising ground at the edge of the formerly marshy flood plain of the River Severn.

The moat island is rectangular measuring some 70m north to south by 40m east to west and formal access is gained via a modern bridge near the north west corner. The inside bank at the north west corner has a modern brick and concrete revetment. The island contains the present Moat House, a late 16th century timber framed building which is Listed Grade II*. The west and north arms, which are water-filled and measure up to 4m wide by up to 1.5 metres deep, are fed by a stream in the south west corner and drain from the northern arm. The west arm has been widened approximately 6m south of the modern brick bridge and a second, timber bridge, is situated near the southern edge of the west arm. This timber bridge is again excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included. The south and east arms of the moat have been partially infilled at some point in the past, however, their previous line can be clearly seen as a depression 4m to 5m wide and approximately 0.5m deep. A further depression 4m to 5m wide by 0.5m deep extends for approximately 6m to the south from the south east corner of the moat.

The stream that feeds the moat has been diverted, south of the moat, reportedly at some time in the 1970s. An additional modern moated island, 10m by 6m, has been created as a wildfowl habitat, to the north of the site, and this area is not included in the scheduling.

Moat House, the two bridges, the brick and concrete revetment and all modern fencing are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Montgomerie, D H, The Victoria History of the County of Worcestershire, (1924), 112
Pevsner, N, The Buildings of England: Worcestershire, (1968), 216
Other
Bond, C.J., Provisional List of Moats in Worcestershire, (1972)
Record Cards, (1976)

National Grid Reference: SO 83915 36045

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1017345 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 20-Nov-2017 at 03:41:52.

End of official listing