Moated site at Moat House


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1017345

Date first listed: 24-Nov-2000


Ordnance survey map of Moated site at Moat House
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Worcestershire

District: Malvern Hills (District Authority)

Parish: Longdon

National Grid Reference: SO 83915 36045


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Despite partial infilling the moated site at Moat House survives well as a good example of its class of monument. The island, which is large, will be expected to preserve evidence of former structures, including both domestic and ancillary buildings and their associated occupation levels. These remains will illustrate the nature of use of the site and the lifestyle of its inhabitants in addition to providing evidence on the date of construction and any subsequent periods of use of the moat.

The moat ditch will also be expected to preserve earlier deposits including evidence of its construction and any alterations during its active history. The waterlogged condition of a large proportion of the moat will preserve environmental information about the ecosystem and landscape in which it was set.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes the buried and earthwork remains of the moated site at Moat House located at the south eastern edge of Longdon village, on rising ground at the edge of the formerly marshy flood plain of the River Severn.

The moat island is rectangular measuring some 70m north to south by 40m east to west and formal access is gained via a modern bridge near the north west corner. The inside bank at the north west corner has a modern brick and concrete revetment. The island contains the present Moat House, a late 16th century timber framed building which is Listed Grade II*. The west and north arms, which are water-filled and measure up to 4m wide by up to 1.5 metres deep, are fed by a stream in the south west corner and drain from the northern arm. The west arm has been widened approximately 6m south of the modern brick bridge and a second, timber bridge, is situated near the southern edge of the west arm. This timber bridge is again excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included. The south and east arms of the moat have been partially infilled at some point in the past, however, their previous line can be clearly seen as a depression 4m to 5m wide and approximately 0.5m deep. A further depression 4m to 5m wide by 0.5m deep extends for approximately 6m to the south from the south east corner of the moat.

The stream that feeds the moat has been diverted, south of the moat, reportedly at some time in the 1970s. An additional modern moated island, 10m by 6m, has been created as a wildfowl habitat, to the north of the site, and this area is not included in the scheduling.

Moat House, the two bridges, the brick and concrete revetment and all modern fencing are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31962

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Montgomerie, D H, The Victoria History of the County of Worcestershire, (1924), 112
Pevsner, N, The Buildings of England: Worcestershire, (1968), 216
Bond, C.J., Provisional List of Moats in Worcestershire, (1972)
Record Cards, (1976)

End of official listing