Romano-British farmstead 630m south west of White Gables


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1017379

Date first listed: 26-Jan-2000


Ordnance survey map of Romano-British farmstead 630m south west of White Gables
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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This copy shows the entry on 10-Dec-2018 at 22:27:16.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Akeld


National Grid Reference: NT 97247 28137


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

In Cumbria and Northumberland several distinctive types of native settlements dating to the Roman period have been identified. The majority were small, non- defensive, enclosed homesteads or farms. In many areas they were of stone construction, although in the coastal lowlands timber-built variants were also common. In much of Northumberland, especially in the Cheviots, the enclosures were curvilinear in form. Further south a rectangular form was more common. Elsewhere, especially near the Scottish border, another type occurs where the settlement enclosure was `scooped' into the hillslope. Frequently the enclosures reveal a regularity and similarity of internal layout. The standard layout included one or more stone round-houses situated towards the rear of the enclosure, facing the single entranceway. In front of the houses were pathways and small enclosed yards. Homesteads normally had only one or two houses, but larger enclosures could contain as many as six. At some sites the settlement appears to have grown, often with houses spilling out of the main enclosure and clustered around it. At these sites up to 30 houses may be found. In the Cumbrian uplands the settlements were of less regimented form and unenclosed clusters of houses of broadly contemporary date are also known. These homesteads were being constructed and used by non-Roman natives throughout the period of the Roman occupation. Their origins lie in settlement forms developed before the arrival of the Romans. These homesteads are common throughout the uplands where they frequently survive as well-preserved earthworks. In lowland coastal areas they were also originally common, although there they can frequently only be located through aerial photography. All homestead sites which survive substantially intact will normally be identified as nationally important.

The Romano-British farmstead 630m south west of White Gables is reasonably well preserved and retains significant archaeological deposits. The site is situated within an area of prehistoric sites of high quality and forms part of a wider archaeological landscape. It will contribute to the study of Romano- British settlement and activity in this area.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes the remains of a settlement of Romano-British date situated on the lower slopes of the east side of Humbleton Hill. Further remains of prehistoric settlements, field systems and cairns in the vicinity are the subject of separate schedulings. The farmstead is oval in shape and has maximum dimensions of 30m by 22m. It is enclosed by a stone and earth bank surviving up to 3m wide and up to 0.4m high with a simple entrance in the south east corner. The interior of the farmstead is scooped into the hillside to a depth of 1.2m. A level platform, upon which a prehistoric house was constructed, is visible on the higher ground in the south western part of the enclosure. This platform is up to 1m high and up to 4m in diameter.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31738

Legacy System: RSM


NT 92 NE 63,
NT/9728/A-D, Gates, T, University of Newcastle upon Tyne Air Photograph Collection,

End of official listing