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A cairn, a carved rock, and a rubble bank, in the south west corner of Scale Knoll Allotment, 800m south east of Far East Hope, Barningham Moor

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: A cairn, a carved rock, and a rubble bank, in the south west corner of Scale Knoll Allotment, 800m south east of Far East Hope, Barningham Moor

List entry Number: 1017431


The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.


District: County Durham

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Barningham

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 24-Oct-1997

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 30469

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Prehistoric rock carving is found on natural boulders and rock outcrops in many areas of upland Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland, Durham, and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the `cup' marking, where small cup-like hollows are worked into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more `rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the rings may also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Other shapes and patterns also occur but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our most important insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols. All positively identified prehistoric rock carvings will normally be identified as nationally important. The cairn, carved rock and rubble bank 800m south east of Far East Hope form part of a wider group of carved rocks and other archaeological features on Barningham Moor. The cairn has been slightly disturbed, but retains evidence of its form and location. The close relationship of this rubble bank to the carved rock and cairn is significant, and the rubble bank is therefore considered worthy of protection. The carving on the rock survives well. The carved rock, cairn, and rubble bank form an important part of the prehistoric landscape of Barningham Moor, which includes numerous other carved rocks and evidence for prehistoric burials, settlements and the agricultural use of the land. This site will therefore contribute to studies of such prehistoric landscapes and the changing patterns of land use over time.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a cairn, a carved rock, and a rubble bank, all of which are prehistoric in date. It is situated on Barningham Moor, in the southwest corner of the modern sheep-grazing enclosure known as Scale Knoll Allotment. The monument is on the east side of a small knoll, 800m south east of Far East Hope. The cairn has a diameter of 5m, and a height of 0.3m. It has been only slightly disturbed by stone-robbing in the past. The carved sandstone rock measures 1.03m by 0.64m by 0.53m high. The carving consists of between nine and 11 cups, four of them connected in pairs. The rubble bank is 16m long, 2m wide, and attains a maximum height of 0.22m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: NZ 04710 08607


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This copy shows the entry on 23-Feb-2018 at 06:40:35.

End of official listing