Cairnfield on a small knoll at Badger Way Stoop, Barningham Moor
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
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This copy shows the entry on 12-Aug-2020 at 22:22:59.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- County Durham (Unitary Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- NZ 06345 07742
Reasons for Designation
Cairnfields are concentrations of cairns sited in close proximity to one
another. They often consist largely of clearance cairns, built with stone
cleared from the surrounding landsurface to improve its use for agriculture,
and on occasion their distribution pattern can be seen to define field plots.
However, funerary cairns are also frequently incorporated, although without
excavation it may be impossible to determine which cairns contain burials.
Clearance cairns were constructed from the Neolithic period (from c.3400 BC),
although the majority of examples appear to be the result of field clearance
which began during the earlier Bronze Age and continued into the later Bronze
Age (2000-700 BC). The considerable longevity and variation in the size,
content and associations of cairnfields provide important information on the
development of land use and agricultural practices. Cairnfields also retain
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation during the
This cairnfield and the bank survives well, and form an important part of the prehistoric landscape of Barningham Moor, which includes numerous other cairns, carved rocks, settlements and evidence for the agricultural use of the land. This site will therefore contribute to studies of such prehistoric landscapes and the changing patterns of land use over time.
The monument includes a small cairnfield which includes a rubble bank on its
eastern edge. It is situated on Barningham Moor, on and around a small knoll
at Badger Way Stoop. The cairnfield consists of six cairns and the rubble
bank. The cairns are between 4m and 5m in diameter and survive to a
maximum height of 0.4m. Most of them have been robbed for stone at some time
in the past.
The rubble bank is on the east side of the knoll. The bank is
about 2m wide, 0.2m high, and 58m long. It may have formed part of an
enclosure associated with the cairnfield.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Cairnfield on Barningham Moor, Laurie, T, (1997)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing