Cairnfield on a small knoll at Badger Way Stoop, Barningham Moor

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1017445
Date first listed:
24-Oct-1997

Map

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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
County Durham (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Barningham
National Grid Reference:
NZ 06345 07742

Reasons for Designation

Cairnfields are concentrations of cairns sited in close proximity to one another. They often consist largely of clearance cairns, built with stone cleared from the surrounding landsurface to improve its use for agriculture, and on occasion their distribution pattern can be seen to define field plots. However, funerary cairns are also frequently incorporated, although without excavation it may be impossible to determine which cairns contain burials. Clearance cairns were constructed from the Neolithic period (from c.3400 BC), although the majority of examples appear to be the result of field clearance which began during the earlier Bronze Age and continued into the later Bronze Age (2000-700 BC). The considerable longevity and variation in the size, content and associations of cairnfields provide important information on the development of land use and agricultural practices. Cairnfields also retain information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation during the prehistoric period.

This cairnfield and the bank survives well, and form an important part of the prehistoric landscape of Barningham Moor, which includes numerous other cairns, carved rocks, settlements and evidence for the agricultural use of the land. This site will therefore contribute to studies of such prehistoric landscapes and the changing patterns of land use over time.

Details

The monument includes a small cairnfield which includes a rubble bank on its eastern edge. It is situated on Barningham Moor, on and around a small knoll at Badger Way Stoop. The cairnfield consists of six cairns and the rubble bank. The cairns are between 4m and 5m in diameter and survive to a maximum height of 0.4m. Most of them have been robbed for stone at some time in the past. The rubble bank is on the east side of the knoll. The bank is about 2m wide, 0.2m high, and 58m long. It may have formed part of an enclosure associated with the cairnfield.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
30483
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Other
Cairnfield on Barningham Moor, Laurie, T, (1997)

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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