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Bowl barrow, the westernmost of six in West Wood

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow, the westernmost of six in West Wood

List entry Number: 1017618

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Kent

District: Shepway

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Lyminge

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 15-Jan-1975

Date of most recent amendment: 04-Jan-1991

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 12813

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the late Neolithic period to the late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400 -1500 bc. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain.' Their ubiquity and their tendency to occupy prominent locations makes them a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Despite the loss of part of the westernmost barrow in West Wood through silvicultural activities, It still retains significant archaeological potential. It is also one of a group of similar monuments which illustrate the importance of the area for burial in the Bronze Age.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This example is the westernmost of the group in West Wood. The monument includes a barrow which comprises an earthen mound and an encircling ditch. The mound measures some 18m across, although it has been truncated in the course of arboricultural activities, particularly on the eastern side. It survives to a maximum height of 1.7m. The ditch is visible only as a slight depression some 2m across. It lies at a distance of between 3-7m from the present foot of the mound owing to the removal of some of the mound material, but would originally have bordered the foot of the mound. It was dug to provide the material with which to construct the mound. The mound and ditch together have a diameter of 21m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Spurrell, F, 'Arch Journal' in Arch Journal, , Vol. 40, (1883), 292
Other
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows (1988), (1988)

National Grid Reference: TR 13532 43044

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1017618 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 17-Dec-2017 at 10:12:10.

End of official listing