Two bowl barrows on Troston Heath, one known as Black Hill

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1017791

Date first listed: 21-Apr-1959

Date of most recent amendment: 23-Feb-1998

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two bowl barrows on Troston Heath, one known as Black Hill
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Suffolk

District: St. Edmundsbury (District Authority)

Parish: Troston

National Grid Reference: TL 88628 74222

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Black Hill bowl barrow and the smaller barrow adjacent to it survive well. They will retain archaeological information concerning the construction and the manner of the use of the barrows and their stratigraphic and chronological relationship to one another. Evidence for the local environment in the prehistoric period, will also be preserved in the upstanding earthworks, in soils buried beneath the mounds and in the fills of the surrounding ditches. The ground between the barrows is likely to include other buried prehistoric features which will contain additional information. The proximity of the barrow to a number of other barrows in this part of the Breckland region give it additional interest. Together these barrows give some evidence of the character, development and density of the prehistoric population in this area.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the large bowl barrow known as Black Hill, a second bowl barrow which lies 50m to the south west of it and the archaeologically sensitive ground between them. These stand in former heathland to the north east of Troston village. Black Hill is visible as a large earthen mound, which stands to a height of approximately 2.7m and covers a circular area about 33m in diameter. It has steep sides on all but the south east side which slopes at a more shallow angle. The mound is encircled by a ditch, from which the earth was dug during the construction of the barrow. This has become infilled but survives largely as a buried feature, and is marked on the north east side by a slight hollow about 4m wide. The barrow therefore has a maximum overall diameter of 41m. The second smaller bowl barrow is visible as a roughly circular mound, approximately 26m in diameter, standing on the north side to a maximum height of 1m and shelving slightly to the south. Slight hollows, 3m wide, in the ground surface immediately to the north of the mound mark the site of the ditch which encircles the mound, and will survive elsewhere as a buried feature. The barrow has a diameter of about 32m. The surface of the trackway to the south and the rubble dump to the west of the smaller barrow, together with the fencing and other structures of a pheasant pen between the two barrows are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31089

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
The Victoria History of the County of Suffolk: Volume I, (1911), 628
Other
Field Observation, Fenton, P, (1997)
Site visit, Martin, E, (1986)

End of official listing