Long barrow 800m south west of Kirmond Top


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1017879

Date first listed: 12-Mar-1998


Ordnance survey map of Long barrow 800m south west of Kirmond Top
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Lincolnshire

District: West Lindsey (District Authority)

Parish: Tealby

National Grid Reference: TF 17622 90500


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds, generally with flanking ditches. They acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC), representing the burial places of Britain's early farming communities, and as such are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary activities preceding the construction of the barrow mound, including ditched enclosures containing structures related to various rituals of burial. It is probable, therefore, that long barrows acted as important spiritual sites for their local communities over considerable periods of time. The long barrows of the Lincolnshire Wolds and their adjacent regions have been identified as a distinct regional grouping of monuments in which the flanking ditches are continued around the ends of the barrow mound, either continuously or broken by a single causeway towards one end. More than 60 examples of this type of monument are known; a small number of these survive as earthworks, but the great majority of sites are known as cropmarks and soilmarks recorded on aerial photographs where no mound is evident at the surface. Not all Lincolnshire long barrows include mounds. Current limited understanding of the processes of Neolithic mortuary ritual in Lincolnshire is that the large barrow mound represents the final phase of construction which was not reached by all mortuary monuments. Many of the sites where only the ditched enclosure is known have been interpreted as representing monuments which had fully evolved mounds, but in which the mound itself has been degraded or removed by subsequent agricultural activity. In a minority of cases, however, the ditched enclosure will represent a monument which never developed a burial mound. As a distinctive regional grouping of one of the few types of Neolithic monuments known, these sites are of great value. They were all in use over a great period of time and are thus highly representive of changing cultures of the peoples who built and maintained them. All forms of long barrow on the Lincolnshire Wolds and its adjacent regions are therefore considered to be of national importance and all examples with significant surviving remains are considered worthy of protection.

Although the long barrow 800m south west of Kirmond Top has been reduced by ploughing, its buried remains survive beneath the present ground surface. The fills of the defining ditch will retain rare and valuable archaeological deposits relating to the date of the barrow's construction, its period of use and the religious practices of its builders. The area within the ditch will contain, as well as human remains, features such as pits and post holes associated with funerary and ritual practices. The monument is one of a number of long barrows associated with the prehistoric trackway now formalised as High Street (B1225) which is situated 200m to the east. This association has significance for the study of communications and settlement patterns during the prehistoric period.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes the buried remains of a Neolithic long barrow located 800m south west of Kirmond Top, on the eastern slopes of the Rase Valley. Although the monument cannot be seen on the ground, the encircling ditch is visible from the air as a cropmark (an area of enhanced crop growth caused by higher moisture levels retained by the fills of underlying archaeological features), and has been recorded on aerial photographs since 1976. The trapezoidal ditch is orientated north west-south east and measures approximately 30m long by a maximum of 15m wide overall. This infilled and buried ditch is thought to be up to 5m in width, and its circuit is complete. The absence of a causeway across the ditch suggests that the monument is an example of the simpler form of Lincolnshire Wolds long barrow. These smaller barrows do not show evidence for the construction of a large mound on completion of the funerary rituals.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 29727

Legacy System: RSM


oblique monochrome prints, St Joseph J K, BZU 3-5, (1976)

End of official listing