Bowl barrow 825m north of Old Winchester Hill


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1017898

Date first listed: 18-Mar-1998


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 825m north of Old Winchester Hill
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This copy shows the entry on 16-Dec-2018 at 21:55:05.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: Winchester (District Authority)

Parish: Exton

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: SU 64280 21364


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 825m north of Old Winchester Hill survives well despite some disturbance and is likely to contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to its original construction and later use. The monument is situated within the Old Winchester Hill National Nature Reserve close to a public carpark and walking trail.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a bowl barrow constructed in a west facing position on a steeply sloping chalk spur of the Hampshire North Downs. The spur faces Old Winchester Hill to the south and overlooks the Meon Valley to the west. The barrow is roughly circular and includes a central mound, about 0.7m high with a diameter of about 14.5m, enclosed to the north, east and south by an infilled penannular ditch, approximately 3m wide and up to 0.15m deep. The mound is spread by rabbit-induced slumping on the west and north west sides and has a hollow centre indicative of past excavation. Upslope, to the north, the ditch and mound have been partially buried by a lynchet which crosses the spur in a north-south direction. This lynchet and three further prominent lynchets which cross the spur about 50m downlsope from the barrow are probably the result of later medieval cultivation and, except where one crosses the barrow, they are not included in the scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31158

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing