This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Lynchets on north west spur of Twyford Down

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Lynchets on north west spur of Twyford Down

List entry Number: 1017903

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: Winchester

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Twyford

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 23-Jul-1962

Date of most recent amendment: 10-Jun-1998

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 31164

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Much of the archaeological landscape of Twyford Down and the surrounding area is preserved as earthworks or crop-marks and represents a relatively complete and extensive survival. Evidence for early agriculture is provided by strip lynchets. They occur widely in southern and south eastern England, and are prominent features on the Wessex chalkland. Normally they are of medieval origin and it is unusual, as in this case, to find them directly associated with evidence of Romano-British settlement. Each lynchet or terrace has two components, consisting of a scarp or `riser' and flat strip or `tread'. They are often 200m or more in length, and usually include between two and six lynchets within a group. The surviving strip lynchets on the north west spur of Twyford Down are in excellent condition despite some disturbance by golf course landscaping and are a rare, early example of their type. Excavation has indicated that they retain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to their use and the landscape in which they were constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a group of four substantial strip lynchets of late Iron Age or early Romano-British date, and several slight lynchets, probably of Early Iron Age date. It occupies a prominent position on the Hockley Golf Course at the south western end of a spur extending from Twyford Down. It is the remnant of a previously more extensive system of lynchets and settlement remains which, prior to the construction of the M3 and Winchester Bypass, covered all sides of the spur to the north, west and south. Several short sections of lynchet and an associated trackway also survive immediately north of the M3 but these have been disturbed by recent tree-planting and are not included in the scheduling. The strip lynchets extend for approximately 450m in an east-west direction along the south flank of the spur and turn sharply to the north at the west end, where they are cut by the M3. However, the field system, where it runs under the earthen bund, created to mitigate views of the motorway, is included in the scheduling. The lynchets comprise linear scarps, standing 2m-3.5m high, which divide the slope into a series of comparatively level strip fields or platforms, about 50m wide. A trackway extends around the base of one of the lynchets and they are crossed by a north-south hollow way at the east end. The smaller lynchets are restricted to the upper slopes of the spur and consist of low scarps extending from the north boundary of the golf course. Excavations in 1933 and 1991 in the M3 corridor and the field just to the south revealed evidence of Early Iron Age and Late Iron Age/Early Romano- British settlement associated with the lynchets and suggested a development from the use of small rectangular Celtic fields to Romano-British strip fields. Pits and other earthworks associated with settlement previously recorded in the field between the golf course and the M3 have now been levelled and are not included in the scheduling. All posts, fencing, signs, ball-cleaners, seats and other golf course furniture are excluded from the scheduling, as is the earthen bund, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Winchester Museums Service, , Hockley Golf Club, Twyford, Winchester, Arch. Observations
Stuart, J D, Birkbeck, J M, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in A Celtic Village on Twyford Down, excavated 1933-34, , Vol. 13, (1936), 188-207
Other
available from Wessex Archaeology, Walker, KE, M3 Bar End to Compton: Arch. Investigations on Twyford Down,

National Grid Reference: SU 48351 26736

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1017903 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 15-Dec-2017 at 12:51:32.

End of official listing