Two bowl barrows 450m and 500m west of Leworthy

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1017973

Date first listed: 26-Jan-1971

Date of most recent amendment: 29-Sep-1998

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two bowl barrows 450m and 500m west of Leworthy
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: Torridge (District Authority)

Parish: Clawton

National Grid Reference: SS 31741 01022, SS 31762 01162

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The two bowl barrows 450m and 500m west of Leworthy survive well and form part of a cluster of large mounds. Archaeological and environmental information survives within these barrows and together they provide evidence for territorial control and land use in this part of Devon.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument, which falls into two areas, includes two bowl barrows aligned north-south and situated on a high ridge overlooking the valley of a tributary to the River Deer. These two barrows form part of a dispersed group of eight barrows spread across the length of this ridge. The northern barrow survives as a 0.7m high circular mound which measures 25.9m in diameter. The southern barrow survives as a circular mound which measures 28.8m in diameter and 1.2m high. Surrounding both barrows is the ditch from which material to build the mounds was obtained and these survive as buried features 3m wide. The boundary banks north east of the northern mound and south of the southern mound are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 30335

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS30SW14, (1983)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS30SW15, (1983)

End of official listing