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Bronze Age round house on Fredden Hill 880m south west of Bell's Valley

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bronze Age round house on Fredden Hill 880m south west of Bell's Valley

List entry Number: 1018021

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Northumberland

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Wooler

National Park: NORTHUMBERLAND

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 02-Dec-1982

Date of most recent amendment: 27-Apr-1998

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 29343

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Unenclosed hut circle settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers. The hut circles take a variety of forms. Some are stone based and are visible as low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area. Others were timber constructions and only the shallow groove in which the timber uprights used in the wall construction stood can now be identified; this may survive as a slight earthwork feature or may be visible on aerial photographs. Some can only be identified by the artificial earthwork platforms created as level stances for the houses. The number of houses in a settlement varies between one and twelve. In areas where they were constructed on hillslopes the platforms on which the houses stood are commonly arrayed in tiers along the contour of the slope. Several settlements have been shown to be associated with organised field plots, the fields being defined by low stony banks or indicated by groups of clearance cairns. Many unenclosed settlements have been shown to date to the Bronze Age but it is also clear that they were still being constructed and used in the Early Iron Age. They provide an important contrast to the various types of enclosed and defended settlements which were also being constructed and used around the same time. Their longevity of use and their relationship with other monument types provides important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities.

The Bronze Age round house on Fredden Hill is resonably well preserved and retains significant archaeological deposits. It lies within a wider landscape of archaeological sites whose remains are well preserved. It will contribute to any study of the wider settlement pattern in the northern Cheviots at this time.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes the remains of a prehistoric circular enclosure situated on the north west slopes of Fredden Hill. Extensive views to the north and west are now obscured by afforestation. The enclosure is defined by a single bank of earth and stone 2m wide and up to 0.2m high with an entrance 4m wide in the west side. The enclosure is interpreted as a round house of Bronze Age date. Extensive field systems, also believed to be of Bronze Age date, lie to the north and west of Fredden Hill and are the subject of a separate scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
NT 92 NE 86,
University of Newcastle AP Collection, T Gates, NT/9527/I, (1978)

National Grid Reference: NT 95214 26823

Map

Map
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© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1018021 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 25-Nov-2017 at 04:11:25.

End of official listing