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Bowl barrow at Bovey Fir Cross, 500m south of Bovey House

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow at Bovey Fir Cross, 500m south of Bovey House

List entry Number: 1018055

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: East Devon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Beer

County: Devon

District: East Devon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Branscombe

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 13-Feb-1953

Date of most recent amendment: 18-Sep-1998

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 29656

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 500m south of Bovey House at Bovey Fir Cross survives as an isolated example of its type in an area where few barrows are recorded. Despite having been reduced by ploughing, it will retain archaeological information about the barrow and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow lying immediately west of the road junction at Bovey Fir Cross south of Bovey House. The barrow is sited on a flat-topped hill which stands in a neck of land between two steep sided valleys about 1.8km inland from the coast. The barrow survives as a rounded mound 1.7m high and 18m in diameter which has been reduced by ploughing. There is evidence of an encircling quarry ditch in the form of a slight depression and an outer lip visible to the south east of the barrow mound. This suggests that a ditch survives as a buried feature. Evidence from early documents and tithe apportionments record the place-names of Bellins-burrow, Balins barrow, and Ballingsborough in the vicinity of this monument.

Excluded from the scheduling is all fencing, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society' in The Barrows of South and East Devon, , Vol. 41, (1983), 28
Other
Bray, M, (1988)
Title: Map in parish file Source Date: 1984 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

National Grid Reference: SY 20916 89845

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1018055 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 17-Dec-2017 at 05:35:41.

End of official listing