Bowl barrow on Rushford Heath 180m west of Peddar's Way
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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This copy shows the entry on 24-Oct-2019 at 05:23:13.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- St. Edmundsbury (District Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- TL 94245 81180
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
The bowl barrow on Rushford Heath, 180m west of Peddar's Way survives well, and will retain archaeological information concerning its construction and the manner and duration of its use. Evidence for the local environment prior to and during that time will also be preserved in the upstanding earthwork, in soils buried beneath the mound and in the fill of the buried ditch. The proximity of this barrow to a number of other barrows in this part of the Breckland region give it additional interest. Together the Breckland barrows, many of which are the subject of separate schedulings, give some evidence of the character, development and density of the prehistoric population in the area.
The monument includes a bowl barrow located on Rushford Heath, 180m west of
Peddar's Way. The barrow is visible as an earthen mound, which stands to a
height of about 1.5m and covers a roughly circular area with a maximum
diameter of about 34m. It is thought that the mound is encircled by a ditch
with an estimated width of 3m, from which the earth was quarried during the
construction of the barrow. Although this has become completely infilled and
is no longer visible, it will survive as a buried feature.
The monument represents one of the Breckland barrows, many of which are the subject of separate schedulings.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing